Unrecognized archaeology “WHEN the MOUNDS start TALKING…”
Transnistria is unique in many respects. This multiethnic region with centuries-old traditions of internationalism, and the state, even unrecognized, but for 18 years the existing de facto. with all state attributes, and the territory in which there are priceless historical and archaeological sites.
Alas, “the unrecognized” TMR and, as a consequence, economic instability, making the impact not only on commercial and industrial activity and the quality of life of citizens, but also on the work of researchers, funding for which, usually, is minimized.
So, only last spring, following the initiative of Vice-President Aleksandr Korolev began the restoration of the Bender fortress, a unique fortification X VI century, earlier almost not studied. And now today they say about the fortress far beyond PMR.
Much earlier, since 1995, scientists on the territory of Transnistria began to explore the largest burial mound ( III century BC) in S. Glina Slobodzeya district.
According to experts, this monument who already gave at least 5 scientific sensations, is conclusive evidence of the presence of Iranian speaking nomads – the Scythians on the Northern black sea region in the III century BC that were previously considered unlikely.
The accumulation in the lower Dniester Scythian burial mounds suggests that this once numerous people, pressed by the Sarmatians,was trying to regain his former power in this region. Today we can only guess what the victims of this attempt turned to the local agricultural population.
By the way, Transnistria in all ages have played the role of a kind of border zone, where at one time faced with the nomads and farmers, and the Turkish Muslims with Christian Europe. Of course – this vicinity is rarely bloodless. So the abundance of the Scythian burial mounds, is probably a sad testimony to the hard struggle for existence waged on the banks of the Dniester river 2,200 years ago (though and now).
What was a tragedy for the ancients, subsequently for historians has become an invaluable tool in scientific research. This abundance of artifacts, indeed, can boast of world-renowned archaeological sites. It is clear that the Transnistrian scientists pay very close attention to burial ground in S. glenoe, trying in the process of the excavation to convey the best of knowledge and students.
Not so long ago ended in archaeological practice on the basis of the Dniester archaeological expedition in S. glenoe students-historians of the Transnistrian state University.
According to the employee of scientific-research laboratory “Archaeology” PSU named. Shevchenko Igor Chetverikov, “expedition 2008 had two main objectives – the discovery of new archaeological complexes and thisledown the most time-consuming objects from the past.”
“This year studied very deep catacombs, – says Igor Chetverikov, – belonged to the Scythian aristocracy. Such depth of burial reaches about 5 meters, so the whole expedition had to seriously work hard to break through such thick soil.”
Exclusive “trudnoprohodim” predetermined relatively small number of studied objects. Affected annually decreasing the number of students-historians (now in the first year of the Institute of history, state and law there are about 20), and limit the budgetary constraints. In the end, to a hundred burial chambers investigated in the past years, added only five.
Let’s face it, when meeting with the archaeological collection 2008 the layman a vague feeling close to frustration. At first glance, numerous ceramic fragments and two intact amphorae suggest rather the futility of “cladoceran” in these places. But it is only at first glance.
Not everyone knows that scientific and material value – concepts are not identical. For example, what “gold.” hlyniany in the mounds is relatively rare, perfectly confirms the words of Diodorus the Sicilian (historian of the II century BC) – “the Sarmatians, sadlovskis the strongest, were all Scythia with fire and sword, destroying the vanquished without exception”. “Archaeological data fully confirm, – says Igor Chetverikov, – Greek manor burned and destroyed the city, the deepest crisis of the monetary reference, the lack of imports from mainland Greece, the presence in the tombs among which a large number of those that were renovated many times before.”
For science the comparative poverty of the Scythian burial mounds in S. Glina was the saving – the eagle managed to avoid total plunder (as in antiquity and in later time), so characteristic of the steppes of Ukraine and Russia.
With regard to the discovered fragments of pottery – some of them to scientists are even more interesting than the trinkets of precious metals. We are talking about the antique stamps, the Dating of which today science is brought to stunning precision. One such stamp on the handle of the amphora allows you to set where the goods are produced, who and when. Thus, this finding is not only able to identify the time of burial, but also to talk about trade and cultural ties of our region more than 2000 years ago.
Many of these scenes (actually, they are a rarity) during the last expedition were found in the ditches ritual Scythian burial mounds. So, the scientists got a fragment of pottery with the seal of Adhocracy – officials from the island of Rhodes, which certified its product quality, produced by local craftsman. Agree, “the quality mark of the 3rd century BC” – interested in a number of scientific disciplines is much more than a few grams of gold – sometimes almost faceless.
During the archaeological practice directly from the burial chambers managed to get a few whole Greek amphora (second half of III – beginning of II century), which came to us in perfect condition. For comparison, even late medieval ceramics (X VII -X VIII centuries) on the territory of Bendery fortress – archeological monument until very recently, unavailable for study in an undamaged condition is extremely rare.