On the territory of Museum–reserve “Kizhi” there are about fifty archaeological objects that are part of historical and cultural heritage of the area. The work on preservation, studying and popularization of the archaeological heritage Department of archaeology of the Museum.
The surroundings of Kizhi island were inhabited by people since ancient times – from the stone age. Long before these lands of the Slavs–farmers, even in the seventh Millennium BC there lived the oldest population, which was engaged in hunting and fishing. Traces of ancient people have been preserved in the form of numerous archaeological sites – the remnants of settlements and burials, which are studied by the archaeological expedition of the Museum each year conducting research in southern Zaonezhye.
As a result of years of work the regularities of settling of the ancient man, identified significant numbers of new archaeological sites. Most of them are located on the ancient Bank of the Vozhmarikha Bay and form an outdoor expedition in 1995 vozmozhnosti archaeological complex, consisting of ancient settlements all known in the Lake Onega region of archaeological cultures of the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Eneolithic.
Excavations carried out on the most interesting settlements, giving important materials the study of the ancient past of the region. To date, 15 of the investigated settlements of the stone age – early metal. The remains of ancient dwellings, homes, commercial buildings. The collection of implements of slate, quartz, flint and lyddite, and samples of ancient pottery of the neo–Eneolithic time allow us to trace the processes of formation and development of ancient cultures in the local area. Research involving data from natural Sciences – paleogeography and quartz. This allows us to trace the relationship between changes in the environment and the material culture of the ancient population. Continue reading
Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading
If you make a career of archaeologist and it’s always been quite difficult, the crisis has “killed” the profession in Europe. For the archaeologist currently are opportunities to work in places such as Latin America, where economic growth and an awareness of their pre-Hispanic values give an extraordinary impetus to the development of archaeology. Many Spanish “Indiana Joneses” going to Ecuador, Peru or Chile. But their way is not always strewn with roses.
“My contract ended a month and a half ago, and in Spain I have no hope to find job archaeologist. I think this is a great opportunity to travel, discover new culture, to pursue a career, learn new techniques and research directions”, – says Eva Gonzalez. My Spanish experience is valued and is an advantage when applying for a job.”
On the other side of the Atlantic archaeologists are waiting for an exciting pre-Hispanic culture. “I like to work on a dig in Mexico or Peru – recognized licensee of history of the Complutense University in Madrid Fran gonzález de La Fuente, But Ecuador offers a completely new archaeological discourse. It’s a little unexpected, but very exciting.”
For several months he works on projectand the name “Orchid”, near Ibarra, in the province of Imbabura. There are conducted large-scale excavations of an Indian burial mound belonging to the pre-Columbian period the history of Ecuador and Dating back to 250 BC, although a more accurate Dating will be done in the laboratory using carbon analysis. Continue reading