The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.
These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.
In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.
In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading
On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading
When Columbus associates has opened a New land that was not India, they found not only dying from smallpox sufferers. They opened a world of unprecedented animals and plants that are found only in America. And only after this event, as it was believed until recently, Europeans became acquainted with leaves of Coca Bush and all the ensuing consequences. But now it turns out that in this story not all ends meet. If Columbus was the first European to set foot on American soil, how can one explain the traces of cocaine found on the bodies of Egyptian mummies? In 1992, German scientists have done studies one of the mummies, and to my surprise I found traces of hashish, tobacco and cocaine in hair, skin, and bones. For example, hemp could bring back from Asia, it’s not that unbelievable. Egyptian pharaohs a lot of things could afford. But tobacco and cocaine could be born only from the New world! In a building the conventional historical science is cracked and faltered. Before mummification, it turns out the pharaohs with his family already dabbled in cocaine.It is the same as in the blood of some of our celebrities suddenly found a drug that grows only on Venus. How could this happen? Here everyone has their own theory. Somebody’s sinning in archaeologists, who in celebration of the valuable findings could have a party and tried to connect the mummies to the General merriment. Or the mummies themselves were fake, or someone from the archaeologists overzealous in their love of mummies and mummification. The German scientists did what in their place would make everyone who values its reputation, they had another independent examination. And again found the drugs. And then they announced across-a drug test all available mummies. A third of them tested positive for nicotine. Moreover. In the guts of Ramses II were found pieces of tobacco leaves. And not only the leaves is a dead tobacco beetle was found last shelter in the womb of the great Pharaoh. Any ideas?
The Hebrew inscription on the stone in new Mexico
This 90-ton rock found in America, near Albuquerque (new Mexico) in 1933. As it turned out, the ten commandments inscribed in Hebrew. Experts from around the world could not grasp how this could be. To assume that in ancient America found a scholar of the Hebrew – to put it mildly, unlikely. In addition, some of the letters of the inscription borrowed from the Greek alphabet, i.e. the one who is scratched, had to know at least two languages Continue reading