The most unexpected archaeological finds of the season
On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street.
“Logs are not destroyed under the influence of time due to the fact that in this part of China-town the soil is quite boggy, and the tree is well preserved in a humid environment, so the logs and continue to lie, as lying. This bridge – the times of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich quietest, mid − second half of the seventeenth century, − said head of the archeology Department of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev.
On that pavement experts have found many interesting items owned by the medieval Muscovites, ceramic tiles, clay pots, iron knives and leather shoes. Another interesting feature is the coins, including Swedish, which testifies to the developed trade relations of our country with other powers.
One of the most interesting findings became part of the metallic armor. This artifact indicates that in the region of the current China-town in past centuries could live people directly related to military service.
Excavations in Smolensk on the site of an ancient murder
Exactly one thousand years ago, in 1015, near Smolensk in the mouth of the river Smyadyn were killed princes Boris and Gleb, sons of Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich. Cruel the crime committed by their brother Svyatopolk in a struggle for power. The Boris and Gleb were canonized.
“This year marks the 1000th anniversary of the repose of these saints, an important event in Russian history. Specially to this event the Russian archaeologists began excavations of the ancient Smyadyn and at the same time the pre-Mongol Smolensk,” said Leonid Belyaev.
Although work began recently, scientists already have something to boast about. For example, they found the jewelry workshop, some items of which have survived to this day, as well as fragments of the decoration of two stone temples Medinskogo monastery, which was built on the site of the murder of the princes.
The oldest horoscope for the brooch
The participants of the Eastern-Bosporan expedition discovered on the territory of the Taman Peninsula at the site of one of rural settlements unusual artifact − fibula (a clasp) of the medallion with the image of the goddess Aphrodite second century BC.
In ancient Phanagoria and the adjacent Greek settlements of the Taman Peninsula in those days flourished the cult of Aphrodite. But the interesting thing is that this fastener specialists saw the first ever images of zodiac signs.
“Around the goddess are carved on the metal signs of the zodiac, and they are not located in the traditional sequence of months – so it’s not just the zodiac circle, and someone’s personal horoscope” − said Belyaev.
Prior to this, the most ancient astrological artifact was considered to be an archeological rarity 72 years BC.
Slabs with the most ancient cemetery of the foreigners in Moscow
In the city center in the area Mytnaya street found fragments of plates XVII century with inscriptions in old German language, they belonged to the family trade of foreigners – the family of Kellerman.
Pendant with a personal sign of Rurikovich
The excavations of the disappeared ancient Russian city kleshin in the outskirts of modern Pereslavl-Zalessky, archaeologists have found a pendant with a personal sign of one of the Rurikovich.