The main archaeological discoveries of the outgoing year

The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.

The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel

In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach

In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince

Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb

Another amazing tomb was found in Tuscany. A farmer stumbled upon it by chance, while working with the plow in his field. For two thousand years, the burial was not destroyed beasts or robbers. On opening the tomb, researchers found a rectangular chamber with two sarcophagi, four marble urns, decorated with intricate carvings and other rich offerings that indicate the aristocratic origin of the deceased. Most likely, the dust was found in the sarcophagus belongs to the offspring of Etruscan leader from the nearby Etruscan fortress of Chiusi. Acres

Biblical archaeologists have made an important discovery that helped to unravel one of the greatest mysteries of Jerusalem. Greek Fort of Acre, built by king Antiochus IV more than two thousand years ago, mentioned in many biblical Scriptures. The remains were found near the walls of Jerusalem in ruins, archaeologists found a lead military sling, bronze arrowheads, and even a catapult stone. All items tagged with a personal coat of arms of Antioch — Trident. The ship graveyard

Twenty-two shipwrecks were found in the archipelago of fourni — thirteen Greek Islands located in the Aegean sea. Such a number of ships detected in just a week of diving, says about the presence here of the ancient trade routes still unknown to historians. Scrolls

The work of an archaeologist takes place not only in the field. A number of significant discoveries by laboratory scientists. This year the advanced install with x-rays allowed scientists to read ancient scrolls — the fragility of papyrus ruled out any physical impact. Scientists promise that the new technology will be a tool open a new layer of classical literature since the Renaissance. Mummy

Study of mummies has made some important for modern clinical medicine conclusions. Scientists have discovered the oldest case of heart failure in the remains of mummified Egyptian dignitary, the age of 3,500 years. Wonder woman

A rather unusual discovery belongs to the scientist, who carefully explored already exhibited in the Museum objects. On one of the vases inquisitive researcher saw “a forerunner of Wonder woman” (we are talking about the eponymous heroine of DC comics). A vase painting depicts wrestling horse of the Amazon with the Greek warrior: the warrior uses a Lariat, which, according to previous data, the tribe never used. in

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