The archaeological site of ancient Troy
This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer “Iliad” and “Odyssey”. It is believed that the events described by this author, date back to the Mycenaean era.
The history of Troy
Troy itself is quite unremarkable town, which is also sometimes called Ilion. It is an ancient settlement, with a fairly powerful defensive wall, located in Asia Minor near the Aegean sea. Residents who lived on the territory of this city, was called tikrai. Archaeologists have determined that a great influence on architectural buildings had a Western Anatolian civilization. In those days. This city was called Taruishi. Previously it was thought that such terms “Troy” or “Ilion” could mean a completely different city same ancient state. Well what else can I say… Archaeologists claim that the first stone was laid in 3000 – 2600 BCE And at that time even the city was not considered. This settlement had a round shape, and the size was only in diameter 100 – 150 m. as it was not large, and was guarded only by two towers and perimeter walls. In this old Troy walked through the main gate. Now,archeologists can assume that this settlement burned down.
After this incident this place was erected the town. He was not much more than the previous and had a diameter of about 150 – 170 m. In the heart of this city there was a Palace, surrounded by a large garden. All other space was occupied by warehouses and residential buildings. And it is to this stage of the history of this city include, archaeologists found a treasure, which included weapons and gems. Therefore, this city was rich and over time it began to expand its borders. It lasted a very long time, scientists suggest that this period lasted from 2300-1900 BCE And expanded it with the help of new homes and warehouses. So there are new small streets. Gaining more and more power and territory, the town gradually began to develop and become richer and more powerful. It is from 1900 to 1300 BC has done the biggest leap in the development of Troy. In diameter it was about 200 – 230 m, and the thickness of the walls that protected the city of Troy exceeded 5 meters. Four main entrances with large gates and three watchtowers, for that time this was considered a sufficient defense. At the same time were built large palaces, terraces, gardens… the City grew rapidly, but in one day everything was destroyed large, powerful earthquake. Apparently nature didn’t want to see the city. Did not receive from Troy to linger in this place, but soon it again began building. It lasted from 1300-900 BC Builders used rare remaining columns, blocks, and sometimes even walls of former palaces and residential buildings. If previously tried to cost on a large scale, over large areas, but now the houses were set close together, narrow streets, and the palaces not so elegant as before. Apparently the builders were afraid of a new earthquake. Most historians believe that this is Troy’s attitude to the events, which he described in his poem Homer. The same archaeologists suggest that this is the architecture and structure of the city could confront Greece in the Trojan war. Then as history tells, this town was captured by the Phrygians.
In 900-350 BC the city, which belonged at that time to the Greeks, was considered quite comfortable, large, cultural (in terms of temples and palaces) and, accordingly, are beautiful, but special strategic and political value it had. Because of this Troy has left the majority of the population, and the city gradually began to decline, to go bankrupt. Although on its territory stood the famous temple of Athena and the sanctuary for sacrifice. And in 350 B. C. — A. D. 400, the city government decided to rename the town. And of Troy the great, the city became known as Iliana. At the same time the Roman rulers of the dynasty of the Julio – Klavdiya started to think: “if we do not start to rebuild this city?” And their decision is not made to wait long. During these 50 years, until reconstruction of the city was levelled with the top of the hill near the temple of Athena. Now there was a sacred site for the worship of this goddess. In the city began to build theatres and public buildings. In the government started talking about how not to make Ilion the capital of the state. But after the elevation of Constantinople, Constantine the Great had left this idea, never implemented it.
The value in history.
In the first place, scientists, archaeologists and literary scholars are provided opportunities in the survey plan of the Trojan war, the confirmation of the veracity of Homer’s poems and a study of the architecture of the time. Secondly, Troy fell around 1260 BC this is a large time span and very interesting for research. Thirdly, the city was on the way from the black sea to the Mediterranean and controlled it for almost 2000 years. In – fourth, half a century after the fall of Troy, Palo Hittite state. Scientists interested in this pattern. Troy is a historical and architectural monument. Thousands and thousands of tourists come to see the ruins of the ancient city, which is known to adults and children. Not even paying attention to the fact that in the vicinity there are no restaurants, no cafes. Travelers take water, a small snack and go to look at what is left of the ancient city. It’s so amazing… to walk the narrow, barely recognizable streets and imagine that 2000 years ago there was a war, the description of which has been preserved to our days. This historical ensemble is one of the most visited in Turkey.
Just recently completed the restoration of the famous Trojan horse, which played a decisive role in the Trojan war. Tourists have a unique opportunity to see this exhibit firsthand. He created exact copies with the words of Homer in his poem. These excavations can be visited while in Turkey. It is an amazing place just over 100 km from Istanbul and Bursa. The tour takes place in the form of a maze. Entry and exit in about the same place. In the center of Troy is the legendary Trojan horse, and nearby there is a building where you can see all of Troy in a full-scale, classical form. To get to Troy’s best with a guided tour in advance or ask your travel company about what You organized there arrival and departure. If You decided to go there by yourself, make sure you find out the address of his hotel in the Turkish language, and ask that you noted the point on the map. In order to show the address and map to the taxi driver to take You back.
A few tips for tourists:
As the excavations themselves, there is no cafe, then water is better to take with you. Chocolate bars do not take advise, they can easily melt in the heat. But a couple of apples or bananas to take, but it is best to eat well in advance. Bring sunglasses if the sun will Shine in the eyes, You will not be able to see anything. Be sure to keep your head covered, otherwise you will bake your head and happen sunstroke. A good look at the place where You want to go, what would walking, so historical architectural monument is not to be missed. If You go with a guided tour, try not to deviate from the guide. Troy is like a maze, and you can easily get lost. But if you are lost, don’t panic. There are signs that will lead You to the exit. In conclusion we can add that to walk in different old towns, ancient ruins very interesting. Walking in Troy is easy to imagine how 2000 years ago there used to be other people with other problems. As the soldiers marched on the Trojan war, hoping to win it. More travel to different countries and expand your horizons. A journey to the ancient city of Troy You will remember for a long time.