The ancient city of Arkaim
The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.
Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.
Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.
ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Arkaim – krupoderova settlement of the III-II Millennium BC The total area of the monument 20 thousand sq. m. archaeological excavations more than 8 thousand square meters of modern steppe On the surface, there is an obvious bypass ditch, followed by two rings of earthen ramparts, the Central square. Archaeological studies have shown that the ramparts are the remains of defensive walls, built of blocks of Adobe soil and wood. Within each ring, are dwellings, which were built of timbered skeletons and soil blocks. In business houses compartments – pockets, wells, pits, storage products, metallurgical furnace. In front of the indoor courtyards. Today 29 dwellings studied. Geophysical methods has allowed to establish that the whole set consisted of 60 buildings (35 in the outer circle and 25 in the inner). Circular and radial streets, system of spillway and sanitation, the Foundation of the gate towers, niches and passages inside the powerful walls it is an extraordinarily vivid picture. On the territory of the settlement there is a large collection of ceramics, bone and stone, metal tools, found numerous items related to steel production in General, the exposition of the Museum-reserve “Arkaim” is open to visitors from June to September every day from 10 to 13 and from 14 to 18 hours.
So, what interesting can be found on the arch? Currently in the vicinity of the ancient settlement has a Museum-reserve, with lots of reconstructed monuments of antiquity and the middle ages of varying degrees of importance and interestingness. Naturally, the greatest interest causes arriving at the ancient settlement Arkaim..
In addition to the Settlement, in Arkaim there are many other interesting sights. On the territory of Museum-reserve you can see the original and reconstructed historical monuments. The most famous of them: the mound Temir. Reconstructed ancestral Shrine of the nomads V-IV centuries BC, the Interior of the tomb also in line with historical truth. But without a guide inside and you can not get. This also applies to other objects. Housing copper-stone age. The model reconstruction. You can look inside and get acquainted with some simple interior “decoration” home of our ancestors. The Avenue of menhirs, the stone fences of the bronze age, statues of the middle ages. And this is a real historical monuments located right in the open steppe. Windmill. Not ancient (late nineteenth century), but it is the only such monument of wooden architecture, preserved in the territory of the Chelyabinsk region. The Museum “man and Nature”, the “Museum of ancient manufactures”. Shop Souvenirs where you can buy a lot of memory. All major sights are within a radius of 2-3 km.
It is recommended to visit the shaman and the mountain of Love (mountain of Rooks), which also offers good views of the surrounding area and where is good to meet the dawn . For guests of the Museum-reserve created a special camp. For civilian backpackers – cabins, for people simpler tent. There are free toilets and pay showers. The campsite has free firewood and water.
Near the camp there are places for bathing – in the river, important because of its Big.. a few kilometers from the camp is the village Aleksandrovsky where you can buy products.