St. Petersburg archaeologists went to the excavations of the sunken ancient city
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition.
The city of Acre was part of the Bosporan Kingdom until the beginning of the IV century. It occupied the North-Eastern extremity of the promontory formed by the mouth of a nameless ancient river and the Cimmerian Bosporus. A small port town, in all probability, was founded by colonists from the Greek city-States or Nymphaeum, Panticapaeum – the largest cities of the Bosporan Kingdom, established by the ancient Greeks and in ancient times occupied the Kerch and Taman peninsulas, the Eastern Azov and the don Delta.
The territory of the ancient city with an area of 3.5 hectares is currently almost completely hidden by the waters of the Black sea, except a small Western section of the sandy bridge, turned the mouth of the river into the modern lake Anys.
A study of the city of Acre began in the 1980-ies, when on a sand spit between the lake and the sea Anys accident was found over a hundred ancient coins, and found the remains of ancient walls, going under water. The works were discovered defensive walls, two towers and a well, completing seven of which have found amphorae of Heraclea Pontica IV century BC fragments of black-lacquered tableware, the chip lead anchor stock, wooden details made on the lathe.
Complex archaeological excavations began in 2011. The underwater part of the settlement was surveyed to a depth of 7 m To a depth of 1-1,5 m the whole territory of the monument was covered with sand, except for the Northern part of the settlement. To depths of 2.5 m almost over the entire area were marked by the collapse of large and medium sized stones, possibly left over from fuzzy clutches. At a depth of 4-5 m noticed some small pieces of pottery and heaps of large stones without traces of processing, passing in the natural ranges: from here started the harbour of the ancient city.