Spanish archaeologists discover
If you make a career of archaeologist and it’s always been quite difficult, the crisis has “killed” the profession in Europe. For the archaeologist currently are opportunities to work in places such as Latin America, where economic growth and an awareness of their pre-Hispanic values give an extraordinary impetus to the development of archaeology. Many Spanish “Indiana Joneses” going to Ecuador, Peru or Chile. But their way is not always strewn with roses.
“My contract ended a month and a half ago, and in Spain I have no hope to find job archaeologist. I think this is a great opportunity to travel, discover new culture, to pursue a career, learn new techniques and research directions”, – says Eva Gonzalez. My Spanish experience is valued and is an advantage when applying for a job.”
On the other side of the Atlantic archaeologists are waiting for an exciting pre-Hispanic culture. “I like to work on a dig in Mexico or Peru – recognized licensee of history of the Complutense University in Madrid Fran gonzález de La Fuente, But Ecuador offers a completely new archaeological discourse. It’s a little unexpected, but very exciting.”
For several months he works on projectand the name “Orchid”, near Ibarra, in the province of Imbabura. There are conducted large-scale excavations of an Indian burial mound belonging to the pre-Columbian period the history of Ecuador and Dating back to 250 BC, although a more accurate Dating will be done in the laboratory using carbon analysis.
As an archaeologist, Fran impresses with a huge number of ceramic materials pre-Columbian era, their specific shape and exquisite selection of colors. “All this is radically different from what I encountered on the Iberian Peninsula. And, of course, obsidian is a dark volcanic rock, from which the American Indians made a variety of items, mainly weapons.
Prior to this, Fran Gonzalez has already been the experience in Ecuador. In his opinion, the archaeology of this country still falls short of the appropriate scientific level. Harris method (stratigraphic archaeological system in which each layer corresponds to an age or time period, and a layer in which the discovery is made, can be dated back age) is rarely used.
However, unlike Spain, archaeology here is paid very well. Although, of course, there are also disadvantages. “There is corruption. and protectionism, but there are also people who want to eradicate these phenomena and construct archaeology based on scientific research, not the pursuit of profit”.
Patricia Aparicio Martinez worked in the archaeological Museum Josefina Ramos de Cox, subordinate to the Institute Riva agüero Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (DIARAMENTE), and was responsible for registration and organization of archaeological collections “Pando” belonging to the Maranga culture, as well as the inventory of samples from excavations at Pachacamac. “I find it interesting the potential of these cultures for the study of landscape archaeology, which is my specialty. My salary is not too great, but Peru is a fantastic place with many academic opportunities, while in Spain I was not progressing academically and professionally,” says Patricia, with a master’s degree from the Autonomous University of Madrid. In her opinion, due to the rapid development that is going through Peru, here are the options of working in private companies.
In the Pontifical Catholic University has one of the most famous Peruvian archaeologists – pole Krzysztof Makowski of Genola. He is familiar with Spanish archaeology, having worked with students of Complutense University in Madrid. With one of his students, now a leading expert on pre-Hispanic Andean textiles, maría jesús jiménez, together they worked on the book.
Krzysztof Makowski explores the culture Wari – Andean civilization, reached the bloom from VII to XIII centuries ad last year in the castle of WERMA – impressive brick construction of the culture of his team found a large Imperial mausoleum, which consists of 63 tombs and 1300 artifacts. This finding was recognized by the magazine “Archaeology” one of the 10 most important archaeological discoveries of 2020.
According to this specialist, archaeology in the Andes experiencing a wonderful time. “When I began my career 32 years ago, I knew of all active archaeologists without exception. Now this is impossible, because in the country more than 2 thousand of archaeologists of varying degrees of training,” he commented. Multiply the number of students and doctors, has increased the number of disciplines related to archaeology. In addition, the project invested a lot of money.
There are large government programs, such as the Inca road system or the project “Capac Nyan” is an international initiative with the participation of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina, which involved a lot of archaeologists. “The Peruvian government considers Were one of the most original civilizations in human history, and this heritage must be saved,” says Krzysztof Makowski. However, it is concerned that archaeological sites become tourist attractions, not objects of study. “The funds allocated for archaeology is great, but it would be even better if was found preserved,” he says.
While the decisions of politicians, engineers and architects ahead of the opinion of the archaeologists. Makovsky believes that the need to create outdoor museums managed by professional archaeologists, independent from political and economic aspects.
Although the majority of Spanish archaeologists who have crossed the ocean, surprised the local ways of working and even openly criticize them, the difference from Europe is not necessarily negative. “There are other forms of work, other approaches that enrich archaeological practice, especially collaborative work with local communities, with a priority in making decisions”, – said the employee of the National Institute of cultural heritage, Alejandra sánchez Polo, working on the excavation on the Ecuadorian coast, dated to the XVI century, just before the arrival of the Spaniards. Its purpose is to study political, social and economic systems, broken with the arrival of the colonialists.