A new law against “black diggers” in certain circumstances can turn a search engine and even common summer resident in the offender. The correspondent of “BaltInfo” figured out who needed the new sanctions, and as these are professionals and Amateurs in search of earth.
By European standards?
Recently the state Duma adopted in the first reading a set of amendments to the laws on the protection of archaeological monuments and of objects of archaeological heritage. Under this initiative, known as the “law against “diggers”, amends the 243-th article of the Criminal code of the Russian Federation. New points of the law severe sanctions against those who without permission leads these or other excavations. In case of acceptance of amendments, improvident lovers shovels and scrapers can expect severe punishment.
Thus, the new law actually introduces a complete ban on unauthorized, without the permission of the relevant authorities, the use of search technology. For unauthorized recovering targets could face a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles, and in some cases provides corrective works and imprisonment of up to 6 years.
As has told to the correspondent “BaltInfo” the chief specialist of Committee on youth policy of the Leningrad region Vladimir Kazakov, Russia two years ago, is a signatory to the European Convention, and therefore potrzebowalismy Federal law in accordance with it.
Alexander novokshonova of a search party “Ingria” believes that its activities in this bill radically nothing will change. Just now he might be a little more careful. Continue reading
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient “Silk road”, was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as centers of trade and handicraft Affairs, science and culture and gave the world such outstanding scientists-Encyclopaedists, as Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870-950), Gabbas Side al-Jauhari (IX century), Ishaq al-Farabi (d. 961), Ismail al-Jauhari (mind. 1002), Ahmed al-Otari (XI—XII). Otrar had a clear layout of streets, blocks, squares, which was accessed through three gates, equipped with reversible bridges over the moat. The presence in the city mint coinage, artisan quarters, sanitation shows developed in the early middle ages urban life.
Only adjacent to the downtown area was more than 10 large and small towns, for many miles stretched his agricultural district with excellent irrigation facilities. In thicker multi-layer giant hill on an area of 20 hectares, what appears before us today Otrar, archaeologists K. A. Akishev, K. M. Baypakov, L. B. Erzakovich and others found the remains of material culture from the first centuries up until the first quarter of the eighteenth century, when the last inhabitants left in this desolate city.I had my reasons. Barely revived after the Mongol invasion, the city was repeatedly subjected to difficult tests, and became the scene of fierce clashes first between the rulers of the Golden Horde and Tamerlane, then Kazakh and Central Asian khanates.
Starting from the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries of the ancient “silk road” lost its former importance. Here less and less began to go the caravans of merchants with goods from different countries. Gradually declined, the artisanal, the network of ancient irrigation systems, the scale of farming. But the city continued to live until the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that the architectural and design techniques Otrar dwellings, objects of material culture found in this once flourishing oasis are analogous in the Kazakh housing construction, the traditional culture of the Kazakh people, emphasizing the interrelationship of cultures, generations. In 2001-2004 there has been a project of UNESCO, Kazakhstan and Japan “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otrar”. Continue reading
D ESAT years ago vozobnovit excavation of Troy. We should say as such to her modest anniversary would be an occasion to return to the neighborhood of the hill of Hissarlik – “fateful mountain of Asia Minor”. Just the situation now around the Trojan excavations, begins to resemble the well-known episode of the age of discovery – intrepid explorers, allegedly paving a new path to the rich spices of India, after some time, was surprised to find that he had discovered unknown to the mankind of the mainland.
“I’M NOT MAKING AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOMER!”
This statement of the Professor of prehistoric and ancient history at the University of tübingen Manfred Corfman – chief of modern excavations at Hissarlik – colleagues a few years ago was considered perfectly acceptable for the master of rhetoric. But recent discoveries in Asia minor, in the region directly forced by the Hellenists, from archaeology to admit that at the time of the Trojan war Troy VI (1700 – 1250 BC) was more of an Asian and not a European city, and, contrary to the”Iliad” of Homer, inhabited by not the Greeks.
EXCAVATIONS WITHOUT A SHOVEL
R be the earth, you will agree, a very thankless and exhausting. In order to reduce labor costs, two Geofisica from team Corfman – Helmut Becker and Jorg Febin an der front^ chal w field season 1992 decided to take a stroll in the vicinity of Troy with the cesium magnetometers, in other words, to conduct magnetic exploration.
D ate that the earth that hides any structures affected by the fires, always has a stronger magnetic properties than the surrounding “empty”. The difference is simple: when exposed to high temperatures, Continue reading