Sanders Miller. Ruins. 1749 Hagley hall.
Architectural monuments of many civilizations have come down to our days in the form of ruins. However, in the XVIII century. there were special ruins-specially built in manors or city parks, in places where there were no authentic ancient ruins. What attracted the false (artificial) ruins of the XVIII century man?
Interest in false ruins arose in Rome, where the famous Italian architect and graphic artist Giovanni Battista Piranesi, author of hundreds of engravings with views of ancient Roman ruins, worked. With his light hand, Rome became perceived as a giant ruin-a place of inspiration for artists and architects. Young masters came there to study the buildings destroyed by time. From Rome, they brought antique “Souvenirs” — fragments of sculptures and architectural details, as well as a love of ruins:” home ” ruins appeared all over Europe.
The first false ruins were built by architects in landscape, or English, parks. They met the basic requirements of a landscape Park better than any other buildings: they recreated the majestic pictures of the past, embodying the triumph of nature and the futility of human efforts.
In addition to the false in the XVIII century there was another type of ruins — future ruins. French artist Hubert Robert in 1779 painted a picture depicting the ruins of the Grand gallery of the Louvre, which exists today. He seemed to follow the recommendations of the French philosopher-educator and writer Denis Diderot: “To make the Palace worthy of attention, you must turn it into ruins.” And the English architect John Sone imagined his own house in ruins and wrote a whole novel about how the archaeologist of the future digs up his house and Museum and is surprised to find fragments of ancient monuments in the center of London.
False ruins are still being built today. In the North American city of Houston (Texas), a Department store building was built in the form of ruins (best store, 1977). the Upper parts of its walls seem to have been gnawed by time, and a pile of bricks over the entrance threatens to fall directly on the heads of customers. But modern man is no longer afraid of ruins.
Titian (actually Tiziano Vecellio) was born in 1476-77. (according to other sources-in the 1480s). Titian came from an old family of the small town of Pieve di Cadore, located in the Alps. At the age of 9-10, he showed an aptitude for drawing and was sent to Venice to study.