London founded by the Romans.

London was founded in 43 BC during the Roman invasion of Britain led by Emperor Claudius. There is a theory that by the time of the invasion on this territory there was a large settlement, but during archaeological excavations nothing of the sort was discovered. However most of the historic centre, the excavations were not subjected, and the existence of a settlement prior to the invasion is completely impossible to deny.

At first, London was a very small area. In the nineteenth century, the archaeologists found that the length of the city from East to West was approximately 1 mile (about 1.6 km), and from North to South — about 0.5 miles (about 0.8 km).

Around 60 ad the city was attacked by a Briton Queen Boudica (Boadicea) and a large part of London was given over to the fire. The Romans responded by capturing some 80,000 Britons. Soon after the battle took place between the Britons and the Romans. According to popular belief, the battle took place on the site of the present station, kings Cross, Boudicca, defeated, committed suicide by taking poison.

The Romans rebuilt the city for several years, a clear urban plan. Soon Londinium became one of the most important settlements of Roman Britain. In II century it flourished — to the 100 year Londinium became the capital of Britain, succeeding Colchester, naselennosti about 60,000 people. It also was the most important administrative buildings.

About 200 year Britain was divided into two parts — Upper and Lower. Londinium became the capital of Upper Britain. At about the same time was built the so-called Roman wall — the fortifications along the perimeter of the city, the remains of which are preserved in the centre of modern London. At the end of IV century Britain was divided again, and Londinium became the capital of the province of maxima Cearensis. In the V century the Romans left Londinium, and the city has been gradually settled by Britons.

The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds
Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly…

Continue reading →

Archaeological heritage in the Museum–reserve "Kizhi"
On the territory of Museum–reserve "Kizhi" there are about fifty archaeological objects that are part of historical and cultural heritage of the area. The work on preservation, studying and popularization…

Continue reading →