Sanders Miller. Ruins. 1749 Hagley hall.
Architectural monuments of many civilizations have come down to our days in the form of ruins. However, in the XVIII century. there were special ruins-specially built in manors or city parks, in places where there were no authentic ancient ruins. What attracted the false (artificial) ruins of the XVIII century man?
Interest in false ruins arose in Rome, where the famous Italian architect and graphic artist Giovanni Battista Piranesi, author of hundreds of engravings with views of ancient Roman ruins, worked. With his light hand, Rome became perceived as a giant ruin-a place of inspiration for artists and architects. Young masters came there to study the buildings destroyed by time. From Rome, they brought antique “Souvenirs” — fragments of sculptures and architectural details, as well as a love of ruins:” home ” ruins appeared all over Europe. Continue reading
London was founded in 43 BC during the Roman invasion of Britain led by Emperor Claudius. There is a theory that by the time of the invasion on this territory there was a large settlement, but during archaeological excavations nothing of the sort was discovered. However most of the historic centre, the excavations were not subjected, and the existence of a settlement prior to the invasion is completely impossible to deny.
At first, London was a very small area. In the nineteenth century, the archaeologists found that the length of the city from East to West was approximately 1 mile (about 1.6 km), and from North to South — about 0.5 miles (about 0.8 km).
Around 60 ad the city was attacked by a Briton Queen Boudica (Boadicea) and a large part of London was given over to the fire. The Romans responded by capturing some 80,000 Britons. Soon after the battle took place between the Britons and the Romans. According to popular belief, the battle took place on the site of the present station, kings Cross, Boudicca, defeated, committed suicide by taking poison. Continue reading
Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Continue reading