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European ruins.

European ruins.For people who are interested in the diplomatic vanity of vanities, Lithuania has always been the subject of political eloquence, precisely because of the historical claims of the Lithuanian people (by the way, nothing in common with the Slavs, and even more so with the poles, not having) to Vilna. But there was no case when a diplomat, who was well aware of the external state situation of Lithuania, became interested in the cultural growth of a young country, looking deeper not into the texts of treaties, notes and agreements, but into folk art, museums and songs, which give a completely unique idea of a small country with a great past. The Lithuanian envoy was right, who in a conversation with representatives of a newly formed state, who pointed to the growth of the country, finances, army, etc., coolly asked: – do you have museums? Such a question in Lithuania would be completely unthinkable, because the entire past of Lithuania is a rich, diverse and rare Museum of the once greatest state… Ruins that speak so much, crosses that are blackened by time, thousand-year-old ruins of pagan temples, monasteries that have preserved the dust of the middle ages, the remains of the vast possessions of the Bernardine, Franciscan and Jesuit orders, rivers that were crossed by the soldiers of Attila, Groznago and Bonaparte – these are monuments of the speaker of the past… Continue reading

An ancient city destroyed by a nuclear blast

Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.

Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Continue reading

The ancient city of Arkaim

The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.

Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.

Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.

ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Continue reading

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The most unexpected archaeological finds of the season
On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy…

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Archaeological heritage in the Museum–reserve "Kizhi"
On the territory of Museum–reserve "Kizhi" there are about fifty archaeological objects that are part of historical and cultural heritage of the area. The work on preservation, studying and popularization…

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