In Kabardino-Balkaria near the village Zaykova found a unique Cimmerian necropolis. Local historians Maria and Victor Kotlyarov, who discovered the ancient burial ground report that the disposal is subjected to barbarous plunder.
“An area of about four hundred square meters excavated. The earth mixed with human bones. Around hundreds of items recovered from the graves: copper, covered with green patina, buttons, pins, bracelets, remains of helmets, iron, corroded lugs peak, a variety of vessels – cups, jugs, bowls, damaged during the excavation”, – told the “Caucasian knot” ethnographer Viktor Kotlyarov.
These items are of great value to science, however, not touched by the vandals, as partially damaged during excavation. Now consumer demand for the artifacts fell as “black” archaeological market at the same time thrown a huge amount of rare finds, says local historian.
“The burial ground could shed light on the history not only of Cimmerian but also the whole Caucasus. After all, everything else, is tiered cemetery: burials continued here for many centuries – in the bottom row buried by the Cimmerians, then Scythians, then drugmetformin,” says Kotlyar.
Looted next to the necropolis is another, still untouched, therefore, the authorities of Kabardino-Balkaria should take urgent measures to save it for science, I’m sure the ethnographer.
Meanwhile, what is this necropolis belongs to the Cimmerian period in ancient history indicate typical findings. For example the helmets, which fully correspond to those, which are depicted in these nomadic conquerors on Etruscan vases, the researchers note. They already called the find in the mountains of Kabardino-Balkaria sensation.
“The scientific study of graves found in the Baksan gorge, becomes a sensation in archeology, as this necropolis is, without doubt, the global importance,” – said the correspondent of “Caucasian knot” known in Kabardino-Balkaria scholar and historian Valery Batchaev. Continue reading
The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.
The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel
In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach
In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince
Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb Continue reading
Still a lot of controversy raises the question about who made the earliest Oldowan tools found in East Africa. As the main “candidate” scientists call Homo habilis (Homo habilis). The first remains, which were later attributed to Homo habilis, found by L. Leakey in Olduvai gorge. These were the bones of young creatures: deformed lower jaw, a relatively large fragment of the upper part of the skull, bones of hands, feet and fragments of bones of extremities. Homo habilis is considered by anthropologists as a transitional link between the Australopithecines and complete human being. 10 years after the opening of Leakey, his son Richard made a sensational find in Koobi handicap. They discovered the skull had distinct human features. Measurements showed that the volume of the brain the owner of this skull could achieve 800 cubic cm — this figure is found among modern humans. Internal prints on the skull also testified in favor of the fact that he belonged to a man. Initially, P Leakey dated his discovery of 2.8 million years, but after additional tests, which gave differing from the other results, it was decided to choose the date to 1.9 million years. In 1987, Johansen has published data on the skeleton, which on the basis of the structure of the mandible was classified as Homo habilis. However, getlineincrement long bones of this creature showed that it is very close to an APE. Anthropologists note the great diversity observed in morphology of skeletal remains, commonly referred to as “Homo habilis”. This is most likely a result of normal mixing in one heap of bones belonging to the man and to the monkey. So who was Homo habilis, who created the first gun?
Among all the finds, Dating from the lower Palaeolithic, there are bone remains, whose humanity no doubt. This is the so-called Homo erectus (Homo erectus). The story of its discovery begins in the XIX century and is also linked to the search for “transitional point”. However, the desire to get him was so high that led researchers to put it mildly, an uncritical assessment of the results of their work. In 1890-1892, on the coast of the island of Java Dutch physician E. Dubois has assembled a collection of bones, from which he selected thigh, clearly belonged to a man, and a skull cap, according to him combining human and monkey signs. These bones lay in a half dozen meters from each other, so it is not clear why they had to belong to one creature. Besides these were found and other skulls and bones. Continue reading