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In search of ancient cities of the Eastern Aral sea region

The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.

Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.

Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.

The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading

The Museum of archaeology and Ethnography

The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.

These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.

In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.

In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading

Black diggers Novorossiysk

Last week in the city-hero of the law enforcement officers stopped the illegal extraction of marl on the slope of the Markotkh range.

The building materials were mined in the immediate vicinity of the houses, but found “the southern Times”, this is a violation of the law is not the most serious in this situation. Stories like this, the editors have published more than once. In light of the construction of highways in the Krasnodar territory the event and even acquires a sinister color.

The staff of the office economic security and combating corruption GU MVD of Russia in Krasnodar region stopped illegal activities of subsoil users on 21 October, on Wednesday, arresting all persons working on the site construction equipment: excavator, bulldozer, and several dump trucks. Up to this point the work in this territory were, with varying degrees of intensity, 2010. And before that it was just covered with natural vegetation, the slope of the Markotkh range.

The plot, in question, is 20 metres from a residential area in the street of cement plant “Proletariat”, and at some point began to be the object of commercial interests of various businesses.

In 2010 there appeared the construction site and the work went on in full swing. According to some information,then the owner of the land on which construction began, was a senior official from Krasnodar, apparently, therefore, the administration of Novorossiysk covers associated with project disturbances.

But the protests of local residents is still forced authorities to revoke the building permit, and construction was frozen. Continue reading

Spanish archaeologists discover
If you make a career of archaeologist and it's always been quite difficult, the crisis has "killed" the profession in Europe. For the archaeologist currently are opportunities to work in…

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The oldest city of the world
Not every city is fortunate enough to preserve the original appearance. In difficult times of war and conquest many cities were destroyed and then rebuilt, so only a few buildings…

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