The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.
Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.
Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.
ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Continue reading
Jerash (Jarash) is a provincial town located in the North of Jordan, whose population is around 30,000 people. It is of considerable interest to foreign tourists and is the second most visited place in the country, after the ancient city of Petra. Jerash is divided into two parts: ancient and modern. They are in close proximity to each other, and they are separated by only a wall. The entrance to the historical area of Jarash paid . to maintain the condition of the unique monuments of architecture and culture in the proper form.
It is believed that the first settlements on the site of the modern Jerash has arisen in the Neolithic period, i.e. in the period when culture inhabited this region people has changed from assign (gatherers, hunters) to producing (cattle, agriculture) the type of farming. And when you consider that in the middle East, the Neolithic period began about 9500 years BC you can imagine how much history it keeps ancient Jerash. People are attracted by beautiful nature, fertile soil and green hills of this region, allowing them to find food and shelter from the scorching sun.
In 63 BC, Jerash was conquered by the Roman army and included in the so-called Decapolis (the ten towns), representing a group of ten antique cities on the East of Jordan valley. City of the Decapolis were in government, had a certain degree of autonomy and were centers of Greek and Roman culture around them among the Nabataean, Aramaic and Jewish settlements.
The era of Roman rule is considered the Golden age of Jerash . who wore at that time the name of Gerasa (Garash). During this time the small town had turned into striking with its scale Roman settlement, built in compliance with all rules and laws of urban planning of those years. Moreover, when the 129 year old Roman Emperor Hadrian decided to visit Jerash . for his arrival was erected a triumphal arch. This grandiose structure was established almost half a kilometer from the southern gate of the city, with the expectation that the city will develop in this way. However, this was not true and therefore the arch is still standing a little away from ancient Jerash . Continue reading
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.
– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading