Once, during a sudden and terrible fall of rain, a short man tried to find shelter in the Alps. All alone, in this godforsaken place, he, despite the pain in his chest, fled from enemies, sognava from their homes a few weeks ago. He suffered excruciating pain as evidenced by multiple broken ribs. Faint from hunger and thirst, he found shelter in a small rocky grotto. It was here that he died. Soon after his death began a snow, which hid the body of the deceased from the mouth of the beast and beak of a scavenger bird. And then began to slip the glacier. This could be to put the end if after 5000 years, especially the rays of the hot summer sun is not penetrating the cover of permafrost.
The mtrs, or as it is called – the Iceman (Ice Man) – was discovered dwma tourists from Germany, 19 September 1991 at the height of 3210 meters in the area of the Austrian-Italian border. More precisely – in the permafrost zone of gg, which is an integral part of the Autonomous province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). Preserved not only the body of ancient man, but his clothes, tools and weapons – all that, as a rule, archaeologists and scientists have to fantasize, and speculate. Of course, at first no one supposed that the aged poor guy will stun even the most sophisticated and experienced archaeologists – we all thought that the body belongs to a brave man, missing no more than two decades ago. Therefore, it is logical however, to retrieve the body of the thick ice was entrusted to the representatives of the Austrian police and mountain rescuers. Say pathologic anatomist, who made the initial examination of the tissues of the body, thought junk devices. But, fortunately, he was the person responsible and not too far from academia.
Once it became clear that we are talking about a man, near the age of which Egyptian pyramids look just fledgling Chicks, Ozi experienced the full power of modern science. They were examined, got measured; every piece of his body to enlighten the x-rays and examined under a microscope. Ozi was 160,5 cm tall and at the time of death his age was 40-45 years. Five laboratories conducted the radiocarbon study and agreed on the fact that died about the mtrs … 5100-5350 years ago! Continue reading
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient “Silk road”, was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as centers of trade and handicraft Affairs, science and culture and gave the world such outstanding scientists-Encyclopaedists, as Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870-950), Gabbas Side al-Jauhari (IX century), Ishaq al-Farabi (d. 961), Ismail al-Jauhari (mind. 1002), Ahmed al-Otari (XI—XII). Otrar had a clear layout of streets, blocks, squares, which was accessed through three gates, equipped with reversible bridges over the moat. The presence in the city mint coinage, artisan quarters, sanitation shows developed in the early middle ages urban life.
Only adjacent to the downtown area was more than 10 large and small towns, for many miles stretched his agricultural district with excellent irrigation facilities. In thicker multi-layer giant hill on an area of 20 hectares, what appears before us today Otrar, archaeologists K. A. Akishev, K. M. Baypakov, L. B. Erzakovich and others found the remains of material culture from the first centuries up until the first quarter of the eighteenth century, when the last inhabitants left in this desolate city.I had my reasons. Barely revived after the Mongol invasion, the city was repeatedly subjected to difficult tests, and became the scene of fierce clashes first between the rulers of the Golden Horde and Tamerlane, then Kazakh and Central Asian khanates.
Starting from the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries of the ancient “silk road” lost its former importance. Here less and less began to go the caravans of merchants with goods from different countries. Gradually declined, the artisanal, the network of ancient irrigation systems, the scale of farming. But the city continued to live until the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that the architectural and design techniques Otrar dwellings, objects of material culture found in this once flourishing oasis are analogous in the Kazakh housing construction, the traditional culture of the Kazakh people, emphasizing the interrelationship of cultures, generations. In 2001-2004 there has been a project of UNESCO, Kazakhstan and Japan “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otrar”. Continue reading
D ESAT years ago vozobnovit excavation of Troy. We should say as such to her modest anniversary would be an occasion to return to the neighborhood of the hill of Hissarlik – “fateful mountain of Asia Minor”. Just the situation now around the Trojan excavations, begins to resemble the well-known episode of the age of discovery – intrepid explorers, allegedly paving a new path to the rich spices of India, after some time, was surprised to find that he had discovered unknown to the mankind of the mainland.
“I’M NOT MAKING AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOMER!”
This statement of the Professor of prehistoric and ancient history at the University of tübingen Manfred Corfman – chief of modern excavations at Hissarlik – colleagues a few years ago was considered perfectly acceptable for the master of rhetoric. But recent discoveries in Asia minor, in the region directly forced by the Hellenists, from archaeology to admit that at the time of the Trojan war Troy VI (1700 – 1250 BC) was more of an Asian and not a European city, and, contrary to the”Iliad” of Homer, inhabited by not the Greeks.
EXCAVATIONS WITHOUT A SHOVEL
R be the earth, you will agree, a very thankless and exhausting. In order to reduce labor costs, two Geofisica from team Corfman – Helmut Becker and Jorg Febin an der front^ chal w field season 1992 decided to take a stroll in the vicinity of Troy with the cesium magnetometers, in other words, to conduct magnetic exploration.
D ate that the earth that hides any structures affected by the fires, always has a stronger magnetic properties than the surrounding “empty”. The difference is simple: when exposed to high temperatures, Continue reading