Scientists from Britain and Canada found in Western Canada remains of fish, which is probably the ancestor of all modern and extinct inhabitants of the seas and freshwater bodies. Description of fossils and assumptions about its significance to the history of the evolution of life on Earth published in an article in the journal Nature .
Jean-Bernard Caron of the University of Toronto and his colleague Simon Morris from Cambridge University has for decades carried out excavations in South-Eastern British Columbia (province in Western Canada), where lie the rocks of the so-called Burgess shale. They were formed at the bottom of the primary ocean of the Earth 509-505 million years ago, in the Cambrian era, during which he conceived and began to develop multicellular life.
The Burgess shales and their Chinese counterpart, Maotianshan are considered a kind of El Dorado of modern paleontology — only in strata preserved imprints of cartilage, bones and soft tissues of the first vertebrates. Despite the richness of these shales, scientists know almost nothing about how it looked the first fish as they emerged and evolved in the first era after the Cambrian explosion.
Caroni Morris found, apparently, the final answer to these questions by studying the fossilized remains of the ancient inhabitants of the oceans found in the so-called marble Canyon — previously unknown to scientists parts of the Burgess shale, which is open by the authors in 2020 in the national Park of Kootenay. In just two weeks of excavation in the canyon they found hundreds of fossils of large marine animals, including a creature that scientists have ranked as the mind Metaspriggina walcotti.
This is not a new kind: the first fossils of Metaspriggina walcotti had been discovered on the territory of “big” Burgess two years ago. The remains are preserved so poorly that their discoverers could not recover the General features of his appearance, or even to understand whether their owner vertebrates. The Caron and Maurice managed to find over a hundred prints Metaspriggina walcotti shales in Marble Canyon, many of which are preserved so well that they can see the smallest details of the structures of the eye, the muscles and other soft tissues. Continue reading
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.
– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading
In a dispute with an atheist about Creation of the world, he asked this question: “When we lived Adam and eve – before the dinosaurs or after them?” I really thought, but still not figured out how to respond. The issue turned out to be quite tricky. I know that according to the teachings of the Church, in the garden of Eden all the animals were fed grass (Genesis 1:30) and of course did not die until Adam and eve sinned. As a result of the fall, animals, like people, have begun to die and appeared and predators. By this logic, it turns out that the first humans already existed at the time of the dinosaurs, among them were the predators (t-Rex, etc.), and of course they all died. Logically, Adam and eve lived long before the dinosaurs, as there are the remains of more primitive animals that lived and died long, long ago; I am not an expert and don’t know how many years ago lived the most ancient animals known to science. But, as they died, i.e. the fall of the first people there was before, then to the human remains found in the same geological formations have been discovered about dinosaurs and the Ammonites. But paleontologists have not found anything similar, and all found human remains date back as significantly related to late periods. Another problem it turns out – is a super long story of mankind protivorechii science, and the Bible. In the Bible, I doubt not going, but I somehow become unpleasant. trapped still got. Then should I deny paleontology, but on what basis? As an atheist of course I am sure that the Bible contradicts itself, and truth, unlike science. Help please to understand, I must confess that confused! Probably sent to me a lesson against vysokomu. Sincerely: B. Todorov
“The heavens declare the glory of God, and the works of His hands the firmament proclaims” (PS. 18:2)
The study of human nature, it leads to the glorification of its Creator, to an even greater and deeper understanding of Scripture. There is a misconception of atheists that science contradicts the Bible and therefore naturally their desire to put the believer in a dead end. However, there are many reasons in ourselves. Not only strict and Pharisaic-minded grandmother, are an obstacle to Christ coming, but in ourselves there are many things that are prohibitive to consider themselves atheists. In we are full of prejudices, sustainable false stereotypes about what is written in the Book of Life. Continue reading