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The remains of the earliest settlements

This will happen if archaeologists will not carry out their mandated work

On the new constructions on the hem on the street of St. Andrew, 2/12, paradoxical situation. Scientists from the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine claimed to have discovered here traces of settlements XI–XII centuries — and so, we need to excavate. And in the Kiev city administration for the protection of monuments of history, culture and historical environment say the opposite: in the construction pit is nothing interesting for scientists not. In the conflict had to intervene in the presidential Administration of Ukraine and Vice-Prime Minister Vladimir Seminozhenko, because of the capital’s Hem is part of the historical and archaeological reserve “Ancient Kiev”.

Near the construction site found the manor of the XI century

— Recently we found in the construction pit of the cultural layers XI–XII centuries, says the head of the Podolsk expedition of Institute of archeology of NASU Michael Sagaidak. — We knew roughly where to look: next to the pit in the mid-1990s were built Academy of the National Bank of Ukraine, the expedition found the remains of the manors of the eleventh century. I also want to explore deeper soil layers, because the present site is in an area where we hope to find the remains of the first settlements on the territory of Kiev. To date, the earliest discovery Dating back to the year 887, was made on the place where now stands the zhitniy market.

It is essential to carry out excavations in the street of St. Andrew’s and to check the version: is famous in the annals of road Borichev Current, connecting the Upper city with Podol, ran roughly from St. Michael’s Cathedral the current through the upper station of the funicular and down to the street Borichev Current. First it was thought that this road passed, most likely, to St. Andrew’s descent. However, during the restoration of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral was found the remains of the ancient Church (they are now available for General viewing), under which, as under the Golden gate, was a passage oriented in the direction of the hem. Just so the Church-gate did not build, so there was significant road. Continue reading

Archaeological heritage in the Museum–reserve “Kizhi”

On the territory of Museum–reserve “Kizhi” there are about fifty archaeological objects that are part of historical and cultural heritage of the area. The work on preservation, studying and popularization of the archaeological heritage Department of archaeology of the Museum.

The surroundings of Kizhi island were inhabited by people since ancient times – from the stone age. Long before these lands of the Slavs–farmers, even in the seventh Millennium BC there lived the oldest population, which was engaged in hunting and fishing. Traces of ancient people have been preserved in the form of numerous archaeological sites – the remnants of settlements and burials, which are studied by the archaeological expedition of the Museum each year conducting research in southern Zaonezhye.

As a result of years of work the regularities of settling of the ancient man, identified significant numbers of new archaeological sites. Most of them are located on the ancient Bank of the Vozhmarikha Bay and form an outdoor expedition in 1995 vozmozhnosti archaeological complex, consisting of ancient settlements all known in the Lake Onega region of archaeological cultures of the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Eneolithic.

Excavations carried out on the most interesting settlements, giving important materials the study of the ancient past of the region. To date, 15 of the investigated settlements of the stone age – early metal. The remains of ancient dwellings, homes, commercial buildings. The collection of implements of slate, quartz, flint and lyddite, and samples of ancient pottery of the neo–Eneolithic time allow us to trace the processes of formation and development of ancient cultures in the local area. Research involving data from natural Sciences – paleogeography and quartz. This allows us to trace the relationship between changes in the environment and the material culture of the ancient population. Continue reading

Amazing archaeological finds

Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.

1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.

2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.

3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading

An international expedition discovered new archaeological finds in the cave
International expedition involved in the excavation of grotto Obi-Rahmat in the mountains of the Tashkent region, where in 2003 he was made a sensational discovery of a Neanderthal skull with…

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Discoveries of ancient Greece
The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: "a city with strong walls".…

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