Claudia Chang (Claudia Chang), an archeologist at Sweet Briar College of Virginia, does research and conducts excavations in the seven rivers, geographic region, most of which is located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. She deals with this issue for two decades and says the results of the latest research disproves the existing opinion about the representatives of the steppe civilization as cruel and backward people.
Ms. Chang, along with colleagues published the results of years of work in the monograph “the Ancient art and culture of Kazakhstan”. The book was published in the publishing house of the University pristanische in parallel with the opening of the exhibition about the archaeology of the Iron age in the Museum of the Institute of the Ancient world at new York University. The exhibition presents artifacts of the nomadic tribes of the first Millennium BC, was found not only in Central Asia but in Persia and China. It is a product of the Iranian-speaking Saka tribes close to the Scythians; presumably Turkic wusun, who lived in those days in the North of uyguriya; items Pazyryk culture. The exhibition features inlaid turquoise and coral gold diadem made wusun the master and a few dozen Golden statuettes leopards and ibex. The geography of finds includes a large part of the territory of sovremennostyu from Shilikty near the Aral sea to the mountains of Tarbagatai ridge on the Eastern border with China. The exhibits have been selected to better show the interpenetration of steppe culture with ancient Chinese and Persian traditions.
Soren stark (Soeren Stark), co-curator of the exhibition and author of one of the sections of the book, talks about the community symbolism of ancient Persia and Central Asia. For example, the mythological winged creature, the Chimera with the body of a deer and wings of an eagle was revered in both regions, can be traced in China. The exhibited items indicate a high level of skill of the ancient craftsmen. Continue reading
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient “Silk road”, was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as centers of trade and handicraft Affairs, science and culture and gave the world such outstanding scientists-Encyclopaedists, as Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870-950), Gabbas Side al-Jauhari (IX century), Ishaq al-Farabi (d. 961), Ismail al-Jauhari (mind. 1002), Ahmed al-Otari (XI—XII). Otrar had a clear layout of streets, blocks, squares, which was accessed through three gates, equipped with reversible bridges over the moat. The presence in the city mint coinage, artisan quarters, sanitation shows developed in the early middle ages urban life.
Only adjacent to the downtown area was more than 10 large and small towns, for many miles stretched his agricultural district with excellent irrigation facilities. In thicker multi-layer giant hill on an area of 20 hectares, what appears before us today Otrar, archaeologists K. A. Akishev, K. M. Baypakov, L. B. Erzakovich and others found the remains of material culture from the first centuries up until the first quarter of the eighteenth century, when the last inhabitants left in this desolate city.I had my reasons. Barely revived after the Mongol invasion, the city was repeatedly subjected to difficult tests, and became the scene of fierce clashes first between the rulers of the Golden Horde and Tamerlane, then Kazakh and Central Asian khanates.
Starting from the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries of the ancient “silk road” lost its former importance. Here less and less began to go the caravans of merchants with goods from different countries. Gradually declined, the artisanal, the network of ancient irrigation systems, the scale of farming. But the city continued to live until the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that the architectural and design techniques Otrar dwellings, objects of material culture found in this once flourishing oasis are analogous in the Kazakh housing construction, the traditional culture of the Kazakh people, emphasizing the interrelationship of cultures, generations. In 2001-2004 there has been a project of UNESCO, Kazakhstan and Japan “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otrar”. Continue reading
D ESAT years ago vozobnovit excavation of Troy. We should say as such to her modest anniversary would be an occasion to return to the neighborhood of the hill of Hissarlik – “fateful mountain of Asia Minor”. Just the situation now around the Trojan excavations, begins to resemble the well-known episode of the age of discovery – intrepid explorers, allegedly paving a new path to the rich spices of India, after some time, was surprised to find that he had discovered unknown to the mankind of the mainland.
“I’M NOT MAKING AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOMER!”
This statement of the Professor of prehistoric and ancient history at the University of tübingen Manfred Corfman – chief of modern excavations at Hissarlik – colleagues a few years ago was considered perfectly acceptable for the master of rhetoric. But recent discoveries in Asia minor, in the region directly forced by the Hellenists, from archaeology to admit that at the time of the Trojan war Troy VI (1700 – 1250 BC) was more of an Asian and not a European city, and, contrary to the”Iliad” of Homer, inhabited by not the Greeks.
EXCAVATIONS WITHOUT A SHOVEL
R be the earth, you will agree, a very thankless and exhausting. In order to reduce labor costs, two Geofisica from team Corfman – Helmut Becker and Jorg Febin an der front^ chal w field season 1992 decided to take a stroll in the vicinity of Troy with the cesium magnetometers, in other words, to conduct magnetic exploration.
D ate that the earth that hides any structures affected by the fires, always has a stronger magnetic properties than the surrounding “empty”. The difference is simple: when exposed to high temperatures, Continue reading