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The main archaeological discoveries of the outgoing year

The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.

The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel

In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach

In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince

Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb Continue reading

The remains of the earliest settlements

This will happen if archaeologists will not carry out their mandated work

On the new constructions on the hem on the street of St. Andrew, 2/12, paradoxical situation. Scientists from the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine claimed to have discovered here traces of settlements XI–XII centuries — and so, we need to excavate. And in the Kiev city administration for the protection of monuments of history, culture and historical environment say the opposite: in the construction pit is nothing interesting for scientists not. In the conflict had to intervene in the presidential Administration of Ukraine and Vice-Prime Minister Vladimir Seminozhenko, because of the capital’s Hem is part of the historical and archaeological reserve “Ancient Kiev”.

Near the construction site found the manor of the XI century

— Recently we found in the construction pit of the cultural layers XI–XII centuries, says the head of the Podolsk expedition of Institute of archeology of NASU Michael Sagaidak. — We knew roughly where to look: next to the pit in the mid-1990s were built Academy of the National Bank of Ukraine, the expedition found the remains of the manors of the eleventh century. I also want to explore deeper soil layers, because the present site is in an area where we hope to find the remains of the first settlements on the territory of Kiev. To date, the earliest discovery Dating back to the year 887, was made on the place where now stands the zhitniy market.

It is essential to carry out excavations in the street of St. Andrew’s and to check the version: is famous in the annals of road Borichev Current, connecting the Upper city with Podol, ran roughly from St. Michael’s Cathedral the current through the upper station of the funicular and down to the street Borichev Current. First it was thought that this road passed, most likely, to St. Andrew’s descent. However, during the restoration of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral was found the remains of the ancient Church (they are now available for General viewing), under which, as under the Golden gate, was a passage oriented in the direction of the hem. Just so the Church-gate did not build, so there was significant road. Continue reading

Amazing archaeological finds

Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.

1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.

2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.

3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading

The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds
Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly…

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The main archaeological discoveries of the outgoing year
The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human…

Continue reading →