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The history and attractions of the city of Jerash.

Jerash (Jarash) is a provincial town located in the North of Jordan, whose population is around 30,000 people. It is of considerable interest to foreign tourists and is the second most visited place in the country, after the ancient city of Petra. Jerash is divided into two parts: ancient and modern. They are in close proximity to each other, and they are separated by only a wall. The entrance to the historical area of Jarash paid . to maintain the condition of the unique monuments of architecture and culture in the proper form.

Jerash: history

It is believed that the first settlements on the site of the modern Jerash has arisen in the Neolithic period, i.e. in the period when culture inhabited this region people has changed from assign (gatherers, hunters) to producing (cattle, agriculture) the type of farming. And when you consider that in the middle East, the Neolithic period began about 9500 years BC you can imagine how much history it keeps ancient Jerash. People are attracted by beautiful nature, fertile soil and green hills of this region, allowing them to find food and shelter from the scorching sun.

In 63 BC, Jerash was conquered by the Roman army and included in the so-called Decapolis (the ten towns), representing a group of ten antique cities on the East of Jordan valley. City of the Decapolis were in government, had a certain degree of autonomy and were centers of Greek and Roman culture around them among the Nabataean, Aramaic and Jewish settlements.

The era of Roman rule is considered the Golden age of Jerash . who wore at that time the name of Gerasa (Garash). During this time the small town had turned into striking with its scale Roman settlement, built in compliance with all rules and laws of urban planning of those years. Moreover, when the 129 year old Roman Emperor Hadrian decided to visit Jerash . for his arrival was erected a triumphal arch. This grandiose structure was established almost half a kilometer from the southern gate of the city, with the expectation that the city will develop in this way. However, this was not true and therefore the arch is still standing a little away from ancient Jerash . Continue reading

Stone tomb is an ancient altar, or a natural phenomenon?

Near my native city of Melitopol is an interesting historical object – a Stone tomb . What is education, how did this natural phenomenon in the desert: “rocks “, like rocks, caves, secret letters? Some researchers say that it is a natural phenomenon, others are inclined to think that this piece of the fallen meteorite. From all over the world, tourists and researchers come to this mysterious place. According to people with paranormal abilities, in this place, near the Stone graves vibrates unexplored energy. Indeed, when we climb on “the rocks”, legs feel some vibrations. While on the observation platform of the Museum, can be very clearly feel that here, on a Stone tomb, merges time and space. Looking at the stone idols represent those tribes that took place near the Altar of this Ancient civilization, leaving writings and cave drawings cave walls. Now only the rustle of the reeds of the ancient river Dairy, stone images Yes the wind over the steppes remember the old days. People say you can’t touch the idols that they carry coded information of the tribes. The idol was put on the mounds, the graves of ancient people, it was believed that the soul of the departed into the world of the ancestors dwell in the idol, and not mechetnya living. How many legends have left the ancients, passing through our grasslands. Let’s learn about this historic site in more detail.

The most mysterious and ancient witness of the past is a Stone tomb . Many places on earth that is called the birthplace of humanity. According sumerologist – archaeologist Kitisin, slab Stone Grave inscriptions store, similar to the writings of the ancient Sumerians. On the origin of the Stone tomb is still debated by scientists. Discussed different versions, starting with the fact that it is the remains of an ancient sand banks of the Pontic sea, to version of meteoric origin and of ancient pyramids of the Amazons. What kind of education in the steppe? Maybe someday science will uncover this secret. Continue reading

The most terrible discoveries in the world

Nervous in the way archaeologists ordered. Often because of the earth’s formations and caves you can get not only the ancient shards and historical relics, and human remains, buried in a rather grisly fashion, the archaic skeletons of unknown animals and other “horrors” from the darkness of centuries.

Scary human remains

Screaming mummies

Egypt is famous for its historical mysteries. So in 1886, the land of the pharaohs have got another. Egyptologist Gaston Maspero extracted the mummy from the sarcophagus, in order to razbitosti, to explore and to expose as a Museum piece. The burial was very modest, which is unusual for luxury Egyptian sarcophagi and burials is clearly not Imperial. And information about this mummy was almost any. On opening the coffin the researcher found a body which was only wrapped in sheep skin, without any decoration. Itself sheepskin symbolized the ancient Egyptians defect and impurity. In this case, the limbs of the mummies were related, but on the face frozen mask of horror and twisted into a creepy screaming mouth.

The terrible find in the environment of archaeologists was named “Unknown man E”. Many experts put forward their views regarding the death of the deceased, among which the most common was poisoning, torture and burial alive.

However, more than sovremennikami already in the 20th century dispelled all the myths and the guesses of their predecessors. It turns out that if during the mummification of the dead to tie up the jaw, as was done usually in the course of the tissues of the jaw opening and on the face froze creepy mask. It so happened that the strap or rope with the jaw had moved, or torn. Continue reading

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