Still a lot of controversy raises the question about who made the earliest Oldowan tools found in East Africa. As the main “candidate” scientists call Homo habilis (Homo habilis). The first remains, which were later attributed to Homo habilis, found by L. Leakey in Olduvai gorge. These were the bones of young creatures: deformed lower jaw, a relatively large fragment of the upper part of the skull, bones of hands, feet and fragments of bones of extremities. Homo habilis is considered by anthropologists as a transitional link between the Australopithecines and complete human being. 10 years after the opening of Leakey, his son Richard made a sensational find in Koobi handicap. They discovered the skull had distinct human features. Measurements showed that the volume of the brain the owner of this skull could achieve 800 cubic cm — this figure is found among modern humans. Internal prints on the skull also testified in favor of the fact that he belonged to a man. Initially, P Leakey dated his discovery of 2.8 million years, but after additional tests, which gave differing from the other results, it was decided to choose the date to 1.9 million years. In 1987, Johansen has published data on the skeleton, which on the basis of the structure of the mandible was classified as Homo habilis. However, getlineincrement long bones of this creature showed that it is very close to an APE. Anthropologists note the great diversity observed in morphology of skeletal remains, commonly referred to as “Homo habilis”. This is most likely a result of normal mixing in one heap of bones belonging to the man and to the monkey. So who was Homo habilis, who created the first gun?
Among all the finds, Dating from the lower Palaeolithic, there are bone remains, whose humanity no doubt. This is the so-called Homo erectus (Homo erectus). The story of its discovery begins in the XIX century and is also linked to the search for “transitional point”. However, the desire to get him was so high that led researchers to put it mildly, an uncritical assessment of the results of their work. In 1890-1892, on the coast of the island of Java Dutch physician E. Dubois has assembled a collection of bones, from which he selected thigh, clearly belonged to a man, and a skull cap, according to him combining human and monkey signs. These bones lay in a half dozen meters from each other, so it is not clear why they had to belong to one creature. Besides these were found and other skulls and bones. Continue reading
D ESAT years ago vozobnovit excavation of Troy. We should say as such to her modest anniversary would be an occasion to return to the neighborhood of the hill of Hissarlik – “fateful mountain of Asia Minor”. Just the situation now around the Trojan excavations, begins to resemble the well-known episode of the age of discovery – intrepid explorers, allegedly paving a new path to the rich spices of India, after some time, was surprised to find that he had discovered unknown to the mankind of the mainland.
“I’M NOT MAKING AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOMER!”
This statement of the Professor of prehistoric and ancient history at the University of tübingen Manfred Corfman – chief of modern excavations at Hissarlik – colleagues a few years ago was considered perfectly acceptable for the master of rhetoric. But recent discoveries in Asia minor, in the region directly forced by the Hellenists, from archaeology to admit that at the time of the Trojan war Troy VI (1700 – 1250 BC) was more of an Asian and not a European city, and, contrary to the”Iliad” of Homer, inhabited by not the Greeks.
EXCAVATIONS WITHOUT A SHOVEL
R be the earth, you will agree, a very thankless and exhausting. In order to reduce labor costs, two Geofisica from team Corfman – Helmut Becker and Jorg Febin an der front^ chal w field season 1992 decided to take a stroll in the vicinity of Troy with the cesium magnetometers, in other words, to conduct magnetic exploration.
D ate that the earth that hides any structures affected by the fires, always has a stronger magnetic properties than the surrounding “empty”. The difference is simple: when exposed to high temperatures, Continue reading