island

Living history, or the Most ancient cities of Europe

Europe is not called “the Old world”, emphasizing its ancient and rich history.

However, the age of most of the European cities which attracts tourist for its historical sites, several hundred years. The exception is Rome, which was supposedly founded in 753 BC, but he, contrary to popular opinion, is not the most ancient city of Europe.

It should be noted that in this ranking were the cities that were continuously inhabited since its founding. So what is this city, leading its history from time immemorial?

The city of Paphos, located in Cyprus, is among the most ancient European cities. Archaeologists have found evidence that people lived on the territory of 6 thousand years ago. As one of the main attractions of the city can be called the excavations of the ancient Kingdom of Kition. During the excavations there were found the walls made of gigantic stone blocks, ancient temple complexes, and many other evidences of the ancient culture, which today can be seen in the local archaeological Museum.

However, Larnaca is famous not only for its ancient ruins, but more than young sights. For example, here is the Church of St. Lazarus, which stores the relics of this Greek Bishop. Interest to Puteshestvennikov to represent and the old Turkish Fort, the Franciscan monastery and shopping suburb of the Marina, where we are constantly brisk trade.

Heraklion (or also known as Candia) is one of the most favourite destination for the visitors of Crete. Scientists believe that a rather troubled history of Heraklion can consist of up to six thousand years. The city is constantly won, because of what he experienced the influences of different cultures and peoples. Continue reading

Greece

Experts from the Ministry of culture of Greece, the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute in Athens, engaged in a collaborative study of a submerged port of Corinth, made a sensational discovery. During the survey of the entrance channel to the harbour had been discovered eight pillars — the remains of structures submerged port. To the West of the canal were also opened two Mall. To their surprise, the researchers found that the discovery of more than half. Read more ”

According to the linguist-archaeologist and coordinator of the Erasmus program University of applied Sciences of Crete, Gareth Owens, the key to deciphering the Phaistos disk is a Minoan goddess of love Astarte. Analyzing the results of recent studies, Gareth Owens concludes: “there is No doubt that Phaistos disk is written in religious text. This becomes evident when compared with other religious words and inscriptions with the sacred. Read more ”

Sunken in the year 65 BC, the ancient ship was discovered off the island of Antikythera in 1900, and his research formed the epoch of the formation of underwater archaeology. Scientists have discovered at the shipwreck numerous ancient monuments, including the unique bronze statues and the famous Antikythira mechanism, however, despite lasting over a hundred years of research, the finds continue. New discoveries reported. Read more ”

Archaeological excavations
on the island of Crete began on 23 March 1900. They were directed by the English collector and lover of antiquity Arthur Evans. Has not passed also several hours as archaeologists discovered the remains of the ancient building and various expensive items that belonged to the once powerful ruler. Evans was eager to show the world his discovery. Reports of sensational excavations in Crete have appeared in almost all Newspapers. Read more ”

Since the summer of 2020 from a provincial Greek town Amfipoli regularly received archaeological news, each of which invariably bolted the press yellower or interrogative, or an exclamation point: “Scientists have got inside a giant tomb!”, “Found decapitated sphinxes!”, “Discovered tomb of Alexander the great?”, “The mystery of the family of Alexander the Great!” and so on. The most frequent search request in Greek. Read more ” Continue reading

Discoveries of ancient Greece

The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.

The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.

For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.

In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.

The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.

This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.

To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading

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