On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading
Last week in the city-hero of the law enforcement officers stopped the illegal extraction of marl on the slope of the Markotkh range.
The building materials were mined in the immediate vicinity of the houses, but found “the southern Times”, this is a violation of the law is not the most serious in this situation. Stories like this, the editors have published more than once. In light of the construction of highways in the Krasnodar territory the event and even acquires a sinister color.
The staff of the office economic security and combating corruption GU MVD of Russia in Krasnodar region stopped illegal activities of subsoil users on 21 October, on Wednesday, arresting all persons working on the site construction equipment: excavator, bulldozer, and several dump trucks. Up to this point the work in this territory were, with varying degrees of intensity, 2010. And before that it was just covered with natural vegetation, the slope of the Markotkh range.
The plot, in question, is 20 metres from a residential area in the street of cement plant “Proletariat”, and at some point began to be the object of commercial interests of various businesses.
In 2010 there appeared the construction site and the work went on in full swing. According to some information,then the owner of the land on which construction began, was a senior official from Krasnodar, apparently, therefore, the administration of Novorossiysk covers associated with project disturbances.
But the protests of local residents is still forced authorities to revoke the building permit, and construction was frozen. Continue reading
Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.
The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)
World’s oldest pretzel
Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery
In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.
A bakery in the old photo
The oldest peach stones
Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter. Continue reading