For the last couple of centuries, archaeologists around the world have found more than hundreds of thousands of household items and hunting, which tell about life of our ancestors long before the new era. But excavations continue, including in our area.
At the international scientific conference “Modern problems of archeology and history of the early nomads of the Urals” on 16 April and discussed the issues related to the search of valuable antiquities.
At the conference (and she was held in Orenburg Governor’s local lore and history Museum) presentations from leading archaeologists from Moscow, Ufa, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Orenburg region, neighboring Kazakhstan, and related professionals natural Sciences.
In the Orenburg region opened 2 thousand archaeological sites: ancient settlements, hill FORTS, burial mounds. Historians and archaeologists there is no purpose to look for everything, their is already enough. But to preserve such a monument is important, though difficult.
Vice-Governor Pavel Samsonov . opening the conference, recalled that the Orenburg area is considered to be the heart of Eurasia.
— The Orenburg region is a unique region because is located in the center of Eurasia, has been and remains a historical crossroads of civilizations of the past, a crossroads of cultures, Economics. Why so many significant monuments of history.
Pavilasovich meant primarily Kargalinskoe copper mines and Filippovskii mounds, which were the discoveries of the world level, as part of the cultural and historical heritage of all mankind. Findings in these areas indicate that more than 3 thousand years ago there was the development that had global significance. Take the Kargaly — in the bronze age up to 80 per cent of copper the peoples of Eurasia received from here. Continue reading
The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition. Continue reading