Transnistria is unique in many respects. This multiethnic region with centuries-old traditions of internationalism, and the state, even unrecognized, but for 18 years the existing de facto. with all state attributes, and the territory in which there are priceless historical and archaeological sites.
Alas, “the unrecognized” TMR and, as a consequence, economic instability, making the impact not only on commercial and industrial activity and the quality of life of citizens, but also on the work of researchers, funding for which, usually, is minimized.
So, only last spring, following the initiative of Vice-President Aleksandr Korolev began the restoration of the Bender fortress, a unique fortification X VI century, earlier almost not studied. And now today they say about the fortress far beyond PMR.
Much earlier, since 1995, scientists on the territory of Transnistria began to explore the largest burial mound ( III century BC) in S. Glina Slobodzeya district.
According to experts, this monument who already gave at least 5 scientific sensations, is conclusive evidence of the presence of Iranian speaking nomads – the Scythians on the Northern black sea region in the III century BC that were previously considered unlikely.
The accumulation in the lower Dniester Scythian burial mounds suggests that this once numerous people, pressed by the Sarmatians,was trying to regain his former power in this region. Today we can only guess what the victims of this attempt turned to the local agricultural population.
By the way, Transnistria in all ages have played the role of a kind of border zone, where at one time faced with the nomads and farmers, and the Turkish Muslims with Christian Europe. Of course – this vicinity is rarely bloodless. So the abundance of the Scythian burial mounds, is probably a sad testimony to the hard struggle for existence waged on the banks of the Dniester river 2,200 years ago (though and now). Continue reading
According to another legend, which is set out in the Chronicles of the nearby Buddhist monastery, the pyramids began in the era of ancient emperors, whose ancestors came to Earth on “the kites of iron”. Therefore, the oldest of the pyramids is more than 5,000 years. A full-blooded descendants of those ancient aliens from outer space in China is considered to be the stunted folk “Zopa”, living now in China’s Sichuan province. Far from their settlements, in a remote area of the mountain range of Bayan-Kara-Ula are amazing ancient burial sites. In huge multi-tiered buildings are absolutely correct round shape with radiating in all directions stone rays are numerous graves with the remains of the ancestors “Zopa”, the age of the earliest of which nearly 12,000 years! Inside the tombs lie the skeletons of mysterious creatures similar to human, but differs from them a disproportionately large skull is too thin and fragile bones. In some burials the researchers also found metal disks with a diameter of 30 cm and a thickness of 1 cm, on which both parties were located in a spiral engraved with unknown characters and symbols. Just found 715 similar disks, most of them had traces of exposure in the distant past of strong magnetic fields. After decryption, Kotorosl about 25 years, was that the drives contain the history of the destruction of the spaceship of the ancestors “Zopa” that had come from Sirius, as well as the hardships and suffering endured by those who survived after the disaster. Since then, on the orders of the Chinese government the area is declared closed for any unauthorized visits.
True or not, but really ancient China has produced many unique inventions: from the first rocket technology and gunpowder to printing and toilet paper. Two thousand years ago the Chinese already used drilling rigs for salt mining, oil and gas. Their height exceeded 50 m, they used durable bamboo cables and iron drills of different shapes, and the extracted gas was passed at a distance on the pipe system. Then were developed the first tool – a device for measuring the distance traveled by the cart; the basis of their mechanism constituted of a gear reducer, the prototype of the modern manual transmission car. In the II century of our era scientist and inventor Zhang Heng (78-139 ad) invented the first seismograph, which allowed to predict earthquakes, and celestial globe of mechanical and compass (a cart with a mechanism of gears, a pointer Continue reading
The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.
These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.
In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.
In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading