To the South of the Dardanelles, in a small space between the alluvial plain, where the waters of Kuchuk-Menderes flow, and the spurs of the hills of Khizarlyk, lie the ruins of this unique city, about which there are many myths and legends. As a result of excavations undertaken since the middle of the XIX century, traces of an ancient city have been found, which allows us to recreate the image, although incomplete, of the legendary city of Ilium, which was immortalized in his poem by the great Homer.
The first search attempts were made in 1870 by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. He was convinced of the existence of a city near Khizarlik, contrary to the popular belief at that time that Troy was nothing but a legend sung by Homer. After Schliemann’s death, the work was continued by Wilhelm Dorpfeld and closed in 1894. Subsequent excavations conducted by Karl V. Blegen confirmed the presence of at least nine levels of urbanization (Troy I-IX). The first cultural layers can be attributed to 3000 BC. These included fortification of the structure. Continue reading
Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Continue reading
The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.
Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.
Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.
ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Continue reading