Once, during a sudden and terrible fall of rain, a short man tried to find shelter in the Alps. All alone, in this godforsaken place, he, despite the pain in his chest, fled from enemies, sognava from their homes a few weeks ago. He suffered excruciating pain as evidenced by multiple broken ribs. Faint from hunger and thirst, he found shelter in a small rocky grotto. It was here that he died. Soon after his death began a snow, which hid the body of the deceased from the mouth of the beast and beak of a scavenger bird. And then began to slip the glacier. This could be to put the end if after 5000 years, especially the rays of the hot summer sun is not penetrating the cover of permafrost.
The mtrs, or as it is called – the Iceman (Ice Man) – was discovered dwma tourists from Germany, 19 September 1991 at the height of 3210 meters in the area of the Austrian-Italian border. More precisely – in the permafrost zone of gg, which is an integral part of the Autonomous province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). Preserved not only the body of ancient man, but his clothes, tools and weapons – all that, as a rule, archaeologists and scientists have to fantasize, and speculate. Of course, at first no one supposed that the aged poor guy will stun even the most sophisticated and experienced archaeologists – we all thought that the body belongs to a brave man, missing no more than two decades ago. Therefore, it is logical however, to retrieve the body of the thick ice was entrusted to the representatives of the Austrian police and mountain rescuers. Say pathologic anatomist, who made the initial examination of the tissues of the body, thought junk devices. But, fortunately, he was the person responsible and not too far from academia.
Once it became clear that we are talking about a man, near the age of which Egyptian pyramids look just fledgling Chicks, Ozi experienced the full power of modern science. They were examined, got measured; every piece of his body to enlighten the x-rays and examined under a microscope. Ozi was 160,5 cm tall and at the time of death his age was 40-45 years. Five laboratories conducted the radiocarbon study and agreed on the fact that died about the mtrs … 5100-5350 years ago! Continue reading
A new law against “black diggers” in certain circumstances can turn a search engine and even common summer resident in the offender. The correspondent of “BaltInfo” figured out who needed the new sanctions, and as these are professionals and Amateurs in search of earth.
By European standards?
Recently the state Duma adopted in the first reading a set of amendments to the laws on the protection of archaeological monuments and of objects of archaeological heritage. Under this initiative, known as the “law against “diggers”, amends the 243-th article of the Criminal code of the Russian Federation. New points of the law severe sanctions against those who without permission leads these or other excavations. In case of acceptance of amendments, improvident lovers shovels and scrapers can expect severe punishment.
Thus, the new law actually introduces a complete ban on unauthorized, without the permission of the relevant authorities, the use of search technology. For unauthorized recovering targets could face a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles, and in some cases provides corrective works and imprisonment of up to 6 years.
As has told to the correspondent “BaltInfo” the chief specialist of Committee on youth policy of the Leningrad region Vladimir Kazakov, Russia two years ago, is a signatory to the European Convention, and therefore potrzebowalismy Federal law in accordance with it.
Alexander novokshonova of a search party “Ingria” believes that its activities in this bill radically nothing will change. Just now he might be a little more careful. Continue reading
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient “Silk road”, was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as centers of trade and handicraft Affairs, science and culture and gave the world such outstanding scientists-Encyclopaedists, as Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870-950), Gabbas Side al-Jauhari (IX century), Ishaq al-Farabi (d. 961), Ismail al-Jauhari (mind. 1002), Ahmed al-Otari (XI—XII). Otrar had a clear layout of streets, blocks, squares, which was accessed through three gates, equipped with reversible bridges over the moat. The presence in the city mint coinage, artisan quarters, sanitation shows developed in the early middle ages urban life.
Only adjacent to the downtown area was more than 10 large and small towns, for many miles stretched his agricultural district with excellent irrigation facilities. In thicker multi-layer giant hill on an area of 20 hectares, what appears before us today Otrar, archaeologists K. A. Akishev, K. M. Baypakov, L. B. Erzakovich and others found the remains of material culture from the first centuries up until the first quarter of the eighteenth century, when the last inhabitants left in this desolate city.I had my reasons. Barely revived after the Mongol invasion, the city was repeatedly subjected to difficult tests, and became the scene of fierce clashes first between the rulers of the Golden Horde and Tamerlane, then Kazakh and Central Asian khanates.
Starting from the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries of the ancient “silk road” lost its former importance. Here less and less began to go the caravans of merchants with goods from different countries. Gradually declined, the artisanal, the network of ancient irrigation systems, the scale of farming. But the city continued to live until the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that the architectural and design techniques Otrar dwellings, objects of material culture found in this once flourishing oasis are analogous in the Kazakh housing construction, the traditional culture of the Kazakh people, emphasizing the interrelationship of cultures, generations. In 2001-2004 there has been a project of UNESCO, Kazakhstan and Japan “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otrar”. Continue reading