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Living history, or the Most ancient cities of Europe

Europe is not called “the Old world”, emphasizing its ancient and rich history.

However, the age of most of the European cities which attracts tourist for its historical sites, several hundred years. The exception is Rome, which was supposedly founded in 753 BC, but he, contrary to popular opinion, is not the most ancient city of Europe.

It should be noted that in this ranking were the cities that were continuously inhabited since its founding. So what is this city, leading its history from time immemorial?

The city of Paphos, located in Cyprus, is among the most ancient European cities. Archaeologists have found evidence that people lived on the territory of 6 thousand years ago. As one of the main attractions of the city can be called the excavations of the ancient Kingdom of Kition. During the excavations there were found the walls made of gigantic stone blocks, ancient temple complexes, and many other evidences of the ancient culture, which today can be seen in the local archaeological Museum.

However, Larnaca is famous not only for its ancient ruins, but more than young sights. For example, here is the Church of St. Lazarus, which stores the relics of this Greek Bishop. Interest to Puteshestvennikov to represent and the old Turkish Fort, the Franciscan monastery and shopping suburb of the Marina, where we are constantly brisk trade.

Heraklion (or also known as Candia) is one of the most favourite destination for the visitors of Crete. Scientists believe that a rather troubled history of Heraklion can consist of up to six thousand years. The city is constantly won, because of what he experienced the influences of different cultures and peoples. Continue reading

Greece

Experts from the Ministry of culture of Greece, the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute in Athens, engaged in a collaborative study of a submerged port of Corinth, made a sensational discovery. During the survey of the entrance channel to the harbour had been discovered eight pillars — the remains of structures submerged port. To the West of the canal were also opened two Mall. To their surprise, the researchers found that the discovery of more than half. Read more ”

According to the linguist-archaeologist and coordinator of the Erasmus program University of applied Sciences of Crete, Gareth Owens, the key to deciphering the Phaistos disk is a Minoan goddess of love Astarte. Analyzing the results of recent studies, Gareth Owens concludes: “there is No doubt that Phaistos disk is written in religious text. This becomes evident when compared with other religious words and inscriptions with the sacred. Read more ”

Sunken in the year 65 BC, the ancient ship was discovered off the island of Antikythera in 1900, and his research formed the epoch of the formation of underwater archaeology. Scientists have discovered at the shipwreck numerous ancient monuments, including the unique bronze statues and the famous Antikythira mechanism, however, despite lasting over a hundred years of research, the finds continue. New discoveries reported. Read more ”

Archaeological excavations
on the island of Crete began on 23 March 1900. They were directed by the English collector and lover of antiquity Arthur Evans. Has not passed also several hours as archaeologists discovered the remains of the ancient building and various expensive items that belonged to the once powerful ruler. Evans was eager to show the world his discovery. Reports of sensational excavations in Crete have appeared in almost all Newspapers. Read more ”

Since the summer of 2020 from a provincial Greek town Amfipoli regularly received archaeological news, each of which invariably bolted the press yellower or interrogative, or an exclamation point: “Scientists have got inside a giant tomb!”, “Found decapitated sphinxes!”, “Discovered tomb of Alexander the great?”, “The mystery of the family of Alexander the Great!” and so on. The most frequent search request in Greek. Read more ” Continue reading

In Kabardino-Balkaria “black archeologists” stolen unique necropolis

In Kabardino-Balkaria near the village Zaykova found a unique Cimmerian necropolis. Local historians Maria and Victor Kotlyarov, who discovered the ancient burial ground report that the disposal is subjected to barbarous plunder.

“An area of about four hundred square meters excavated. The earth mixed with human bones. Around hundreds of items recovered from the graves: copper, covered with green patina, buttons, pins, bracelets, remains of helmets, iron, corroded lugs peak, a variety of vessels – cups, jugs, bowls, damaged during the excavation”, – told the “Caucasian knot” ethnographer Viktor Kotlyarov.

These items are of great value to science, however, not touched by the vandals, as partially damaged during excavation. Now consumer demand for the artifacts fell as “black” archaeological market at the same time thrown a huge amount of rare finds, says local historian.

“The burial ground could shed light on the history not only of Cimmerian but also the whole Caucasus. After all, everything else, is tiered cemetery: burials continued here for many centuries – in the bottom row buried by the Cimmerians, then Scythians, then drugmetformin,” says Kotlyar.

Looted next to the necropolis is another, still untouched, therefore, the authorities of Kabardino-Balkaria should take urgent measures to save it for science, I’m sure the ethnographer.

Meanwhile, what is this necropolis belongs to the Cimmerian period in ancient history indicate typical findings. For example the helmets, which fully correspond to those, which are depicted in these nomadic conquerors on Etruscan vases, the researchers note. They already called the find in the mountains of Kabardino-Balkaria sensation.

“The scientific study of graves found in the Baksan gorge, becomes a sensation in archeology, as this necropolis is, without doubt, the global importance,” – said the correspondent of “Caucasian knot” known in Kabardino-Balkaria scholar and historian Valery Batchaev. Continue reading

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