The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.
Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.
Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.
ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Continue reading
In archaeology there is a term — “out of place artifact”. Them to denote man-made objects, the technological level which is far ahead of the supposedly corresponding to the given historical period. Such artifacts today found in different parts of the globe. This casts doubt on our understanding of the development of science and technology.
The Delhi column
The great wall of Texas
In 1852 Texas farmers, digging a hole under the economic needs, found the remains of a stone wall, the age of which ranged from 200 to 400 thousand years.
Dr. John Gussman from the University of Texas at Dallas found that all the stones that comprised the wall, have the same level of magnetic field, and concluded that it is a natural formation. However, other researchers did not agree with him. So, the geologist James Shelton of Harvard University and the architect John Lindsey drew attention to the presence in the wall elements, reminiscent of architectural arches, portals, bridges, and square holes, like Windows.
The Delhi column
The age of this pillar in Delhi has more than 1500 years. She of 99.72 per cent consists of iron but does not rust.
According to the head of the Department of applied Sciences and Humanities Institute of technology, India Professor A. P. Gupt, currently the iron of such purity can only be made by premillennialism, but it will contain manganese and sulfur, which are composed of the Delhi columns are missing. Continue reading
Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.
How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).
The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.
The main tasks of the study of burial grounds
The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading