On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading
When Columbus associates has opened a New land that was not India, they found not only dying from smallpox sufferers. They opened a world of unprecedented animals and plants that are found only in America. And only after this event, as it was believed until recently, Europeans became acquainted with leaves of Coca Bush and all the ensuing consequences. But now it turns out that in this story not all ends meet. If Columbus was the first European to set foot on American soil, how can one explain the traces of cocaine found on the bodies of Egyptian mummies? In 1992, German scientists have done studies one of the mummies, and to my surprise I found traces of hashish, tobacco and cocaine in hair, skin, and bones. For example, hemp could bring back from Asia, it’s not that unbelievable. Egyptian pharaohs a lot of things could afford. But tobacco and cocaine could be born only from the New world! In a building the conventional historical science is cracked and faltered. Before mummification, it turns out the pharaohs with his family already dabbled in cocaine.It is the same as in the blood of some of our celebrities suddenly found a drug that grows only on Venus. How could this happen? Here everyone has their own theory. Somebody’s sinning in archaeologists, who in celebration of the valuable findings could have a party and tried to connect the mummies to the General merriment. Or the mummies themselves were fake, or someone from the archaeologists overzealous in their love of mummies and mummification. The German scientists did what in their place would make everyone who values its reputation, they had another independent examination. And again found the drugs. And then they announced across-a drug test all available mummies. A third of them tested positive for nicotine. Moreover. In the guts of Ramses II were found pieces of tobacco leaves. And not only the leaves is a dead tobacco beetle was found last shelter in the womb of the great Pharaoh. Any ideas?
The Hebrew inscription on the stone in new Mexico
This 90-ton rock found in America, near Albuquerque (new Mexico) in 1933. As it turned out, the ten commandments inscribed in Hebrew. Experts from around the world could not grasp how this could be. To assume that in ancient America found a scholar of the Hebrew – to put it mildly, unlikely. In addition, some of the letters of the inscription borrowed from the Greek alphabet, i.e. the one who is scratched, had to know at least two languages Continue reading
Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.
The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)
World’s oldest pretzel
Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery
In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.
A bakery in the old photo
The oldest peach stones
Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter. Continue reading