Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.
How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).
The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.
The main tasks of the study of burial grounds
The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading
The remains of this Pharaoh may be the most significant recent archaeological finds
The remains of the Pharaoh who lived 3600 years ago, discovered this month in southern Egypt may be the most significant of recent archaeological discoveries. Scientists have discovered a previously unknown burial site, which probably could be put on a par with the tombs in the Valley of the kings, according to Past Horizons .
The remains of the Pharaoh Seneca are the first convincing proof of the existence of the dynasty of the pharaohs, which the archaeologists had suspected but never seen any evidence of their existence. Next to the tomb of Seneca can be found about 20 previously unknown rulers of Egypt, said the head of the archaeological excavations of Joseph Wegner.
“It could be something like the Valley of the kings”, he added, referring to the famous tomb in Luxor in southern Egypt, where Tutankhamun is buried, through which the Valley of the kings became so famous.
“We believe that can be found many tombs of the rulers – said Wegner, who for more than two decades explored the area of Abydos – an ancient city, which lies to the South of modern Cairo. – Now,if we take into account the likely existence of 20 of the pharaohs, we can assume the possibility of detecting a whole dynasty of kings who are buried here.”
An unknown third dynasty
Entering the tomb of Seneca the first time, Wegner found that she was robbed many decades ago: the mummified body was torn to pieces, definitely was missing some jewelry and artifacts. Continue reading
Transnistria is unique in many respects. This multiethnic region with centuries-old traditions of internationalism, and the state, even unrecognized, but for 18 years the existing de facto. with all state attributes, and the territory in which there are priceless historical and archaeological sites.
Alas, “the unrecognized” TMR and, as a consequence, economic instability, making the impact not only on commercial and industrial activity and the quality of life of citizens, but also on the work of researchers, funding for which, usually, is minimized.
So, only last spring, following the initiative of Vice-President Aleksandr Korolev began the restoration of the Bender fortress, a unique fortification X VI century, earlier almost not studied. And now today they say about the fortress far beyond PMR.
Much earlier, since 1995, scientists on the territory of Transnistria began to explore the largest burial mound ( III century BC) in S. Glina Slobodzeya district.
According to experts, this monument who already gave at least 5 scientific sensations, is conclusive evidence of the presence of Iranian speaking nomads – the Scythians on the Northern black sea region in the III century BC that were previously considered unlikely.
The accumulation in the lower Dniester Scythian burial mounds suggests that this once numerous people, pressed by the Sarmatians,was trying to regain his former power in this region. Today we can only guess what the victims of this attempt turned to the local agricultural population.
By the way, Transnistria in all ages have played the role of a kind of border zone, where at one time faced with the nomads and farmers, and the Turkish Muslims with Christian Europe. Of course – this vicinity is rarely bloodless. So the abundance of the Scythian burial mounds, is probably a sad testimony to the hard struggle for existence waged on the banks of the Dniester river 2,200 years ago (though and now). Continue reading