The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.
Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.
Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.
The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading
The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.
These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.
In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.
In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading
On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading