expedition

Unrecognized archaeology “WHEN the MOUNDS start TALKING…”

Transnistria is unique in many respects. This multiethnic region with centuries-old traditions of internationalism, and the state, even unrecognized, but for 18 years the existing de facto. with all state attributes, and the territory in which there are priceless historical and archaeological sites.

Alas, “the unrecognized” TMR and, as a consequence, economic instability, making the impact not only on commercial and industrial activity and the quality of life of citizens, but also on the work of researchers, funding for which, usually, is minimized.

So, only last spring, following the initiative of Vice-President Aleksandr Korolev began the restoration of the Bender fortress, a unique fortification X VI century, earlier almost not studied. And now today they say about the fortress far beyond PMR.

Much earlier, since 1995, scientists on the territory of Transnistria began to explore the largest burial mound ( III century BC) in S. Glina Slobodzeya district.

According to experts, this monument who already gave at least 5 scientific sensations, is conclusive evidence of the presence of Iranian speaking nomads – the Scythians on the Northern black sea region in the III century BC that were previously considered unlikely.

The accumulation in the lower Dniester Scythian burial mounds suggests that this once numerous people, pressed by the Sarmatians,was trying to regain his former power in this region. Today we can only guess what the victims of this attempt turned to the local agricultural population.

By the way, Transnistria in all ages have played the role of a kind of border zone, where at one time faced with the nomads and farmers, and the Turkish Muslims with Christian Europe. Of course – this vicinity is rarely bloodless. So the abundance of the Scythian burial mounds, is probably a sad testimony to the hard struggle for existence waged on the banks of the Dniester river 2,200 years ago (though and now). Continue reading

The oldest city of the world

Not every city is fortunate enough to preserve the original appearance. In difficult times of war and conquest many cities were destroyed and then rebuilt, so only a few buildings managed to “survive” until our times. Remains of a magnificent city, which can rightfully wear the proud title of “the oldest city in the world”.

Jericho (Palestine)

The mention of the first settlements on the site of modern Jericho are 9000 BC, After three millennia, the city actively began to rebuild and by the end of the 3rd and 2nd Millennium reached its peak. Several times he has been destroyed, one of which was mentioned in the Bible.

It was a magnificent city, in which houses were built of brick and stone. Archaeologists discovered ruins of an ancient synagogue, Dating back to I century BC, a magnificent winter palaces with baths, swimming pools and ornate halls. Near Jericho the mountain of Karantal, which, according to legend, Jesus was forty days tempted of the devil. Now in that place there is the magnificent rock-hewn monastery of Temptation.

Damascus (Syria)

One of the oldest city is Damascus, the first mention of which appeared in the middle of the 2nd Millennium BC. Due to the fact that in ancient times Damascus was under the rule of the Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Persians and even Alexander the great, this ancient gurudwaras in the culture of these peoples.

He became known for his Damascus steel, which was popular in medieval Europe. Today you can see the ruins of the ancient gates of the fortress protecting the city from invasions, the Catholic Church, temples, mosques, the old houses that represent the most important monuments of Damascus culture and history. Continue reading

Tours to archaeological excavations in the vicinity of Astana.

Prehistoric sites or settlements on the territory of Astana have not yet been found, although the stay of ancient people here and in surrounding areas is beyond doubt. In the spring of 1930 when planting trees in the school yard of the second stage, students dug up a clay pot with ornaments typical of the Andronovo culture and two of the tip of the arrows – one pink, the other grey stone. After about a month at the bottom Kubanskogo log (solona Balka) resident of the city of L. I. Shcheglov picked up a bronze spearhead. Unfortunately, both specimens were completely lost. In 1968 – 1972, during dredging of the river Ishim in the pulp that is thrown on shore by the dredge, there were small shards of pottery of Andronovo pottery, crushed bones, cores, sharp blade-flakes produced during the manufacture of stone tools. In 1955 – 1957, archaeologist and ethnographer Vasily Demyanovich Solocinski opened around Tselinograd about twenty primitive campsites, mainly Andronovo culture. The richest material was Ishim car Park – approximately five kilometres South-East of the city, on the right steep Bank of the Ishim . and Dusinska in sixty kilometrah the North-West, by the river Damsa . The cultural layer of Parking Ishim lies in the 70 – 100 centimeters from the surface of the earth is visible in the cut Bank. Parking abounds in fragments of pottery, animal bones crushed, flakes, knives, blanks made of flint, pieces of charcoal. It produced a few stone arrowheads, round bone piercing punch and other things typical of the Andronovo culture in the transition from the stone to the bronze age. Dusinska Parking Ishim younger, dated to the third or fourth millennia BC. In the past years of fruitful work the senior scientific employee of Tselinograd regional history Museum Valery Stepanovich Voloshin. Through open and surveyed the Parking lots and graves dated to the Paleolithic and bronze age, close to seventy. Among them, the Parking of the stone age behind the line of the railway of the city. With the assistance of the Institute of history, archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Voloshin every summer forms among students of senior classes, students and teachers of the archaeological expedition in the region. The expedition materials added to the collections of Tselinograd regional history Museum. About Parking near the silicate brick factory in the summer of 1969 said the bulldozer. The attention of machine operators attracted by the fact that in produced building sand crushed Continue reading

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