The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition. Continue reading
This will happen if archaeologists will not carry out their mandated work
On the new constructions on the hem on the street of St. Andrew, 2/12, paradoxical situation. Scientists from the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine claimed to have discovered here traces of settlements XI–XII centuries — and so, we need to excavate. And in the Kiev city administration for the protection of monuments of history, culture and historical environment say the opposite: in the construction pit is nothing interesting for scientists not. In the conflict had to intervene in the presidential Administration of Ukraine and Vice-Prime Minister Vladimir Seminozhenko, because of the capital’s Hem is part of the historical and archaeological reserve “Ancient Kiev”.
Near the construction site found the manor of the XI century
— Recently we found in the construction pit of the cultural layers XI–XII centuries, says the head of the Podolsk expedition of Institute of archeology of NASU Michael Sagaidak. — We knew roughly where to look: next to the pit in the mid-1990s were built Academy of the National Bank of Ukraine, the expedition found the remains of the manors of the eleventh century. I also want to explore deeper soil layers, because the present site is in an area where we hope to find the remains of the first settlements on the territory of Kiev. To date, the earliest discovery Dating back to the year 887, was made on the place where now stands the zhitniy market.
It is essential to carry out excavations in the street of St. Andrew’s and to check the version: is famous in the annals of road Borichev Current, connecting the Upper city with Podol, ran roughly from St. Michael’s Cathedral the current through the upper station of the funicular and down to the street Borichev Current. First it was thought that this road passed, most likely, to St. Andrew’s descent. However, during the restoration of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral was found the remains of the ancient Church (they are now available for General viewing), under which, as under the Golden gate, was a passage oriented in the direction of the hem. Just so the Church-gate did not build, so there was significant road. Continue reading