On the territory of Museum–reserve “Kizhi” there are about fifty archaeological objects that are part of historical and cultural heritage of the area. The work on preservation, studying and popularization of the archaeological heritage Department of archaeology of the Museum.
The surroundings of Kizhi island were inhabited by people since ancient times – from the stone age. Long before these lands of the Slavs–farmers, even in the seventh Millennium BC there lived the oldest population, which was engaged in hunting and fishing. Traces of ancient people have been preserved in the form of numerous archaeological sites – the remnants of settlements and burials, which are studied by the archaeological expedition of the Museum each year conducting research in southern Zaonezhye.
As a result of years of work the regularities of settling of the ancient man, identified significant numbers of new archaeological sites. Most of them are located on the ancient Bank of the Vozhmarikha Bay and form an outdoor expedition in 1995 vozmozhnosti archaeological complex, consisting of ancient settlements all known in the Lake Onega region of archaeological cultures of the Mesolithic, Neolithic and Eneolithic.
Excavations carried out on the most interesting settlements, giving important materials the study of the ancient past of the region. To date, 15 of the investigated settlements of the stone age – early metal. The remains of ancient dwellings, homes, commercial buildings. The collection of implements of slate, quartz, flint and lyddite, and samples of ancient pottery of the neo–Eneolithic time allow us to trace the processes of formation and development of ancient cultures in the local area. Research involving data from natural Sciences – paleogeography and quartz. This allows us to trace the relationship between changes in the environment and the material culture of the ancient population. Continue reading
If you make a career of archaeologist and it’s always been quite difficult, the crisis has “killed” the profession in Europe. For the archaeologist currently are opportunities to work in places such as Latin America, where economic growth and an awareness of their pre-Hispanic values give an extraordinary impetus to the development of archaeology. Many Spanish “Indiana Joneses” going to Ecuador, Peru or Chile. But their way is not always strewn with roses.
“My contract ended a month and a half ago, and in Spain I have no hope to find job archaeologist. I think this is a great opportunity to travel, discover new culture, to pursue a career, learn new techniques and research directions”, – says Eva Gonzalez. My Spanish experience is valued and is an advantage when applying for a job.”
On the other side of the Atlantic archaeologists are waiting for an exciting pre-Hispanic culture. “I like to work on a dig in Mexico or Peru – recognized licensee of history of the Complutense University in Madrid Fran gonzález de La Fuente, But Ecuador offers a completely new archaeological discourse. It’s a little unexpected, but very exciting.”
For several months he works on projectand the name “Orchid”, near Ibarra, in the province of Imbabura. There are conducted large-scale excavations of an Indian burial mound belonging to the pre-Columbian period the history of Ecuador and Dating back to 250 BC, although a more accurate Dating will be done in the laboratory using carbon analysis. Continue reading
Still a lot of controversy raises the question about who made the earliest Oldowan tools found in East Africa. As the main “candidate” scientists call Homo habilis (Homo habilis). The first remains, which were later attributed to Homo habilis, found by L. Leakey in Olduvai gorge. These were the bones of young creatures: deformed lower jaw, a relatively large fragment of the upper part of the skull, bones of hands, feet and fragments of bones of extremities. Homo habilis is considered by anthropologists as a transitional link between the Australopithecines and complete human being. 10 years after the opening of Leakey, his son Richard made a sensational find in Koobi handicap. They discovered the skull had distinct human features. Measurements showed that the volume of the brain the owner of this skull could achieve 800 cubic cm — this figure is found among modern humans. Internal prints on the skull also testified in favor of the fact that he belonged to a man. Initially, P Leakey dated his discovery of 2.8 million years, but after additional tests, which gave differing from the other results, it was decided to choose the date to 1.9 million years. In 1987, Johansen has published data on the skeleton, which on the basis of the structure of the mandible was classified as Homo habilis. However, getlineincrement long bones of this creature showed that it is very close to an APE. Anthropologists note the great diversity observed in morphology of skeletal remains, commonly referred to as “Homo habilis”. This is most likely a result of normal mixing in one heap of bones belonging to the man and to the monkey. So who was Homo habilis, who created the first gun?
Among all the finds, Dating from the lower Palaeolithic, there are bone remains, whose humanity no doubt. This is the so-called Homo erectus (Homo erectus). The story of its discovery begins in the XIX century and is also linked to the search for “transitional point”. However, the desire to get him was so high that led researchers to put it mildly, an uncritical assessment of the results of their work. In 1890-1892, on the coast of the island of Java Dutch physician E. Dubois has assembled a collection of bones, from which he selected thigh, clearly belonged to a man, and a skull cap, according to him combining human and monkey signs. These bones lay in a half dozen meters from each other, so it is not clear why they had to belong to one creature. Besides these were found and other skulls and bones. Continue reading