excavation

The most terrible discoveries in the world

Nervous in the way archaeologists ordered. Often because of the earth’s formations and caves you can get not only the ancient shards and historical relics, and human remains, buried in a rather grisly fashion, the archaic skeletons of unknown animals and other “horrors” from the darkness of centuries.

Scary human remains

Screaming mummies

Egypt is famous for its historical mysteries. So in 1886, the land of the pharaohs have got another. Egyptologist Gaston Maspero extracted the mummy from the sarcophagus, in order to razbitosti, to explore and to expose as a Museum piece. The burial was very modest, which is unusual for luxury Egyptian sarcophagi and burials is clearly not Imperial. And information about this mummy was almost any. On opening the coffin the researcher found a body which was only wrapped in sheep skin, without any decoration. Itself sheepskin symbolized the ancient Egyptians defect and impurity. In this case, the limbs of the mummies were related, but on the face frozen mask of horror and twisted into a creepy screaming mouth.

The terrible find in the environment of archaeologists was named “Unknown man E”. Many experts put forward their views regarding the death of the deceased, among which the most common was poisoning, torture and burial alive.

However, more than sovremennikami already in the 20th century dispelled all the myths and the guesses of their predecessors. It turns out that if during the mummification of the dead to tie up the jaw, as was done usually in the course of the tissues of the jaw opening and on the face froze creepy mask. It so happened that the strap or rope with the jaw had moved, or torn. Continue reading

The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds

Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.

How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).

The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.

The main tasks of the study of burial grounds

The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading

In Egypt, archaeologists discovered the remains of an unknown Pharaoh

The remains of this Pharaoh may be the most significant recent archaeological finds

The remains of the Pharaoh who lived 3600 years ago, discovered this month in southern Egypt may be the most significant of recent archaeological discoveries. Scientists have discovered a previously unknown burial site, which probably could be put on a par with the tombs in the Valley of the kings, according to Past Horizons .

The remains of the Pharaoh Seneca are the first convincing proof of the existence of the dynasty of the pharaohs, which the archaeologists had suspected but never seen any evidence of their existence. Next to the tomb of Seneca can be found about 20 previously unknown rulers of Egypt, said the head of the archaeological excavations of Joseph Wegner.

“It could be something like the Valley of the kings”, he added, referring to the famous tomb in Luxor in southern Egypt, where Tutankhamun is buried, through which the Valley of the kings became so famous.

“We believe that can be found many tombs of the rulers – said Wegner, who for more than two decades explored the area of Abydos – an ancient city, which lies to the South of modern Cairo. – Now,if we take into account the likely existence of 20 of the pharaohs, we can assume the possibility of detecting a whole dynasty of kings who are buried here.”

An unknown third dynasty

Entering the tomb of Seneca the first time, Wegner found that she was robbed many decades ago: the mummified body was torn to pieces, definitely was missing some jewelry and artifacts. Continue reading

Inappropriate artifacts
In archaeology there is a term — "out of place artifact". Them to denote man-made objects, the technological level which is far ahead of the supposedly corresponding to the given…

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The city of Otrar excavations
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient "Silk road", was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as…

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The ancient city of Arkaim
The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the…

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