The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition. Continue reading
In Kabardino-Balkaria near the village Zaykova found a unique Cimmerian necropolis. Local historians Maria and Victor Kotlyarov, who discovered the ancient burial ground report that the disposal is subjected to barbarous plunder.
“An area of about four hundred square meters excavated. The earth mixed with human bones. Around hundreds of items recovered from the graves: copper, covered with green patina, buttons, pins, bracelets, remains of helmets, iron, corroded lugs peak, a variety of vessels – cups, jugs, bowls, damaged during the excavation”, – told the “Caucasian knot” ethnographer Viktor Kotlyarov.
These items are of great value to science, however, not touched by the vandals, as partially damaged during excavation. Now consumer demand for the artifacts fell as “black” archaeological market at the same time thrown a huge amount of rare finds, says local historian.
“The burial ground could shed light on the history not only of Cimmerian but also the whole Caucasus. After all, everything else, is tiered cemetery: burials continued here for many centuries – in the bottom row buried by the Cimmerians, then Scythians, then drugmetformin,” says Kotlyar.
Looted next to the necropolis is another, still untouched, therefore, the authorities of Kabardino-Balkaria should take urgent measures to save it for science, I’m sure the ethnographer.
Meanwhile, what is this necropolis belongs to the Cimmerian period in ancient history indicate typical findings. For example the helmets, which fully correspond to those, which are depicted in these nomadic conquerors on Etruscan vases, the researchers note. They already called the find in the mountains of Kabardino-Balkaria sensation.
“The scientific study of graves found in the Baksan gorge, becomes a sensation in archeology, as this necropolis is, without doubt, the global importance,” – said the correspondent of “Caucasian knot” known in Kabardino-Balkaria scholar and historian Valery Batchaev. Continue reading