London was founded in 43 BC during the Roman invasion of Britain led by Emperor Claudius. There is a theory that by the time of the invasion on this territory there was a large settlement, but during archaeological excavations nothing of the sort was discovered. However most of the historic centre, the excavations were not subjected, and the existence of a settlement prior to the invasion is completely impossible to deny.
At first, London was a very small area. In the nineteenth century, the archaeologists found that the length of the city from East to West was approximately 1 mile (about 1.6 km), and from North to South — about 0.5 miles (about 0.8 km).
Around 60 ad the city was attacked by a Briton Queen Boudica (Boadicea) and a large part of London was given over to the fire. The Romans responded by capturing some 80,000 Britons. Soon after the battle took place between the Britons and the Romans. According to popular belief, the battle took place on the site of the present station, kings Cross, Boudicca, defeated, committed suicide by taking poison. Continue reading
Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Continue reading
The ancient city of Arkaim (a thousand years older than the legendary Troy) and about two dozen cities of the bronze age came into use of archaeological science as the “land of cities”.
Archaeologists claim that it was first domesticated the horse, invented the world’s first combat two-wheeled chariot was found the world’s first metallurgical furnace for copper smelting, has created one of the most ancient civilizations protogorodskoy, on the mystery which will have to fight many more generations of scientists.
Here, on the arch, in the opinion of some scientists-archaeologists, is the birthplace of the legendary Aryans. They were the creators of the famous religion of fire worshippers.
ARKAIM (Arkaim), archaeological complex includes a fortified village and adjacent economic fields, a burial ground, a number of unfortified villages. The name is given perhaps by name the hills and tracts from Turkish (bash.) “ARKA” (“arch”) – “range”, “back”, “base”). The complex is located in the Chelyabinsk region (in the territory of historical Bashkortostan), on the river, important because of its Big, and its left tributary the river Utyaganka, in the mountain valley on the Eastern slopes of the Ural mountains. The monument dates from the 2nd quarter of. The 2nd Millennium BC (17-16 centuries BC).The radiocarbon method gives – 3600-3900 years ago. Still mysterious Country towns, open to the South of the Chelyabinsk region, is controversial among scientists. There are more questions than answers. Why nomadic tribes need to build real architectural structures? In most homes of Arkaim discovered ancient metallurgical furnaces, but why such “factories” were built away from the deposits of copper? Why a Country of cities belonging to the so-called Sintashta culture, had no analogues either before or after its existence? Where did it come from in the southern Urals?” Settlement Continue reading