Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.
– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading
Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.
The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)
World’s oldest pretzel
Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery
In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.
A bakery in the old photo
The oldest peach stones
Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter. Continue reading
In our times we know many sensational archaeological finds. A large number found by archaeologists falls into the category of “enigmatic findings”.
… Near Webster job in 1897. at a depth of 130 feet, in a coal seam, found a mysterious discovery – carefully carved stone gray in color, about 60 cm in length, 30 in width, and about 10 cm in thickness. On its surface, drawn line, hinging formed perfect diamonds. In the center of each rhombus was clearly seen the face of an elderly person. All figures were repeated a well-marked feature in his forehead was deepening. According to the testimony of the examination, neither the coal seams nor the earth, are not violated in the place where was found the stone. On assurances of experts, the seam of coal, which was a godsend, refers to Carboniferous period. According to the supporters of Darwin’s theory, Homo sapiens, who is able to do certain image on the stone, not apes. They tried to keep this mysterious archaeological discovery from publication.
… By Soviet archaeologists found another mysterious archaeological find. In 1983 in Turkmenistan was identfication on the stone trail of the human foot and three-toed footprint of a dinosaur. Corresponding member of the Turkmen Academy of Sciences, Professor of Amanniyazov stated that there is no evidence. On one of the mountains in California in 1966, was discovered the skull, as modern. Discovery is under the age of 50 mill. years. Religious leaders and scholars accepted it as the truth presents a special scientific evidence. But how about forbidden archeological discovery began to write in the press, everyone fell silent. Then the Church declared it a hoax, because, according to the “old Testament” the world was created only a little more than 7 thousand years ago. Continue reading