Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.
man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);
Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).
Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).
A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.
Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading
Nervous in the way archaeologists ordered. Often because of the earth’s formations and caves you can get not only the ancient shards and historical relics, and human remains, buried in a rather grisly fashion, the archaic skeletons of unknown animals and other “horrors” from the darkness of centuries.
Scary human remains
Egypt is famous for its historical mysteries. So in 1886, the land of the pharaohs have got another. Egyptologist Gaston Maspero extracted the mummy from the sarcophagus, in order to razbitosti, to explore and to expose as a Museum piece. The burial was very modest, which is unusual for luxury Egyptian sarcophagi and burials is clearly not Imperial. And information about this mummy was almost any. On opening the coffin the researcher found a body which was only wrapped in sheep skin, without any decoration. Itself sheepskin symbolized the ancient Egyptians defect and impurity. In this case, the limbs of the mummies were related, but on the face frozen mask of horror and twisted into a creepy screaming mouth.
The terrible find in the environment of archaeologists was named “Unknown man E”. Many experts put forward their views regarding the death of the deceased, among which the most common was poisoning, torture and burial alive.
However, more than sovremennikami already in the 20th century dispelled all the myths and the guesses of their predecessors. It turns out that if during the mummification of the dead to tie up the jaw, as was done usually in the course of the tissues of the jaw opening and on the face froze creepy mask. It so happened that the strap or rope with the jaw had moved, or torn. Continue reading
The remains of this Pharaoh may be the most significant recent archaeological finds
The remains of the Pharaoh who lived 3600 years ago, discovered this month in southern Egypt may be the most significant of recent archaeological discoveries. Scientists have discovered a previously unknown burial site, which probably could be put on a par with the tombs in the Valley of the kings, according to Past Horizons .
The remains of the Pharaoh Seneca are the first convincing proof of the existence of the dynasty of the pharaohs, which the archaeologists had suspected but never seen any evidence of their existence. Next to the tomb of Seneca can be found about 20 previously unknown rulers of Egypt, said the head of the archaeological excavations of Joseph Wegner.
“It could be something like the Valley of the kings”, he added, referring to the famous tomb in Luxor in southern Egypt, where Tutankhamun is buried, through which the Valley of the kings became so famous.
“We believe that can be found many tombs of the rulers – said Wegner, who for more than two decades explored the area of Abydos – an ancient city, which lies to the South of modern Cairo. – Now,if we take into account the likely existence of 20 of the pharaohs, we can assume the possibility of detecting a whole dynasty of kings who are buried here.”
An unknown third dynasty
Entering the tomb of Seneca the first time, Wegner found that she was robbed many decades ago: the mummified body was torn to pieces, definitely was missing some jewelry and artifacts. Continue reading