Europe is not called “the Old world”, emphasizing its ancient and rich history.
However, the age of most of the European cities which attracts tourist for its historical sites, several hundred years. The exception is Rome, which was supposedly founded in 753 BC, but he, contrary to popular opinion, is not the most ancient city of Europe.
It should be noted that in this ranking were the cities that were continuously inhabited since its founding. So what is this city, leading its history from time immemorial?
The city of Paphos, located in Cyprus, is among the most ancient European cities. Archaeologists have found evidence that people lived on the territory of 6 thousand years ago. As one of the main attractions of the city can be called the excavations of the ancient Kingdom of Kition. During the excavations there were found the walls made of gigantic stone blocks, ancient temple complexes, and many other evidences of the ancient culture, which today can be seen in the local archaeological Museum.
However, Larnaca is famous not only for its ancient ruins, but more than young sights. For example, here is the Church of St. Lazarus, which stores the relics of this Greek Bishop. Interest to Puteshestvennikov to represent and the old Turkish Fort, the Franciscan monastery and shopping suburb of the Marina, where we are constantly brisk trade.
Heraklion (or also known as Candia) is one of the most favourite destination for the visitors of Crete. Scientists believe that a rather troubled history of Heraklion can consist of up to six thousand years. The city is constantly won, because of what he experienced the influences of different cultures and peoples. Continue reading
Epic hero Ilya Muromets — whether he was in reality, the years in which he lived, where he served, not his relics are in the caves of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra? History is silent. But there is information about it in the noosphere, the layer of the Earth. In this article she submitted and received by the author.
Ilya Muromets — a hero of ancient Russia. He served at the court of Prince Vladimir in 1238 1255 years. Originally was really from Karacharovo village near Murom. In the twenty-year-old was spotted by the recruiters of the Prince and invited to the service. Served as a private soldier in a special squad, headed by Sergeant Dobrynia Nikitich. Can be translated into modern language the name of this group as the Prince’s forces. The squad includes protection of the princely family, the exploration of the positions of enemy groups and participation in key battles not only in the Vladimir troops, but in units of other principalities. The soldiers of this detachment has been very serious combat training and were a very formidable force in battle even with superior number of the enemy. The warriors lived and trained in a two-storey stone building in Vladimir, standing in front of the Knyaginin monastery. In Vladimir and Kiev prohodilis soldiers of various principalities of the competition. They used wooden models. The undisputed champion has always been Elijah. He was also a great wrestler. Distinguished by asceticism and spirituality. One of these days to the town of Vladimir was approached by a hired enemy detachment of 600 persons for the purpose of reconnaissance and military positions in the city. Meet them went spetsnaz Vladimir in the amount of 130 soldiers, was immediately clash and fight strong. The enemy force was also strong fighters from different nationalities. However, Vladimir was stronger and after a 20 minute battle he had routed the enemy force. The result of the battle destroyed 225 enemy soldiers and commandos 24 dead, among them was Ilya Muromets. During the battle he managed to destroy five of them and a little later, having flung themselves into the deep the camp of the enemies without support from their colleagues (it was a violation of the rules of warfare as prescribed to the soldiers of the squad of Vladimir) was surrounded, but continued to fight. However, there was a unexpected situation. One of the enemy began to throw stones from a sling. Continue reading
Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading