Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.
How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).
The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.
The main tasks of the study of burial grounds
The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.
– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading
In these verses, unbelievers have asked how will Allah resurrect them after death when they turn into bones and dust?
Allah commands His prophet Muhammad, sallallahu alaihi WA sallam, to tell them that even if they are transformed after death into stones or iron It to give them life.
In these verses of the Quran deals with the transformation of the bodies of the dead into stones or iron, and the possibility of such conversion is scientifically proven. This scientific fact was the basis for complex studies in paleontology (the science that examines prehistoric forms of life on earth). Thus, the Quran precedes modern science, pointing to the existence of fossils, which become the skeletons of people and animals.
The remains of animals and other organisms from the distant past, usually found in rocks and their age can make millionire.
The observations that certain fossils can be associated with certain rock formations were made by geologists in the nineteenth century. The development of technology of radiometric age analyses of rocks in the beginning of XX-th century allowed geologists to determine absolute age of various rock types and, consequently, the age of the fossils.
Fossils are the only sources for the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth. People far from paleontology called the dinosaur “bones”, but in reality, it is not bone. Organic materials may not be in the same condition for millions of years. That’s why the only remains suitable for studying are turned into stone parts of skeletons.
fossils of lake Mungo Continue reading