Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Width of streets in the city reached 10 m. In Mohenjo-Daro were discovered perhaps the first famous archaeologists of public toilets and urban sanitation. Part of the territory of the lower city, where resided the common people, was eventually flooded by the Indus river and therefore remains unexplored. Find 5000 Senegalese proved that in these places there existed a highly developed civilization. And centuries of established culture. Judge for yourself if the city of high civilization 5000 years, civilization itself could not occur in one day, and this civilization is no less a long prehistory. Which means that civilization and reason that built these cities are even older. It follows a simple logical conclusion. What age to found cities can safely add 2000 years total the age of the civilization itself was at least 7000 years. Most interesting is that the city Mohenjodaro was destroyed by a nuclear blast. In the bones of skeletons found at the site of Mohenjo-Daro ( Mohenjodaro) the level of radiation is exceeded several times. The river which flowed near vanished in an instant.
For many decades archaeologists care about the mystery of the death 3500 years ago the city of Mohenjodaro in India. In 1922 the Indian archaeologist R. Banerji found on one of the Islands of the Indus river ancient ruins. They were called Mohenjo-Daro, which means “hill of the dead”. Even then, questions arose as was destroyed that big city, where are its inhabitants? None of the excavations are not responded to… Continue reading
Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.
man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);
Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).
Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).
A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.
Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading
The archaeological Museum in Istanbul is a real time machine that will help you to make a journey through the centuries. Istanbul is a city that is over 2000 years old. Just think about these numbers! After all, 2000 years is 20 centuries 730000 or days and nights. All of these millenniums, centuries, years and days there lived and people died, leaving behind many accompanying things. These things are real treasures, although at first glance it is a normal pot or a statue, or even just stone. And all because this is our cultural heritage, worthy of admiration!
Numerous archaeological finds made on the territory of Istanbul and Turkey, and beyond them are now kept in the archaeological Museum. A lot of people – local residents, experts scientists from all over the world, as well as just visitors comes here every day. So, deciding to go there, please be patient – long queues you can not avoid. By the way, these queues are some of the most short in relation to the queues at Hagia Sophia or, say, the Basilica Cistern or Topkapi Palace.
Istanbul archaeology museums: how to get
To find the Museum itself is very easy – facing the Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia), locate a small,but very nice and Atmeydani Caddesi her envelope on the left side. Follow this lane straight on, without (Atmeydani Caddesi after a while “change” the name on Alemdar Caddesi) and noticing the crowd next to Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzesi, stop. You are on the spot.
For more information please refer to our map of tourist attractions in Istanbul .
Istanbul archaeological Museum is striking from the entrance. Even standing in line for a ticket, and I want to look behind the iron gate blocking the way. Already seen the first exhibits, which, in fact, is the physical building of the Museum, as well as numerous statues, vessels, millstones, etc., that is located in a cozy courtyard. Continue reading