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In search of ancient cities of the Eastern Aral sea region

The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.

Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.

Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.

The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading

The most unexpected archaeological finds of the season

On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.

The first birch-bark Vologda

On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.

The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.

Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.

In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge

The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading

Black diggers Novorossiysk

Last week in the city-hero of the law enforcement officers stopped the illegal extraction of marl on the slope of the Markotkh range.

The building materials were mined in the immediate vicinity of the houses, but found “the southern Times”, this is a violation of the law is not the most serious in this situation. Stories like this, the editors have published more than once. In light of the construction of highways in the Krasnodar territory the event and even acquires a sinister color.

The staff of the office economic security and combating corruption GU MVD of Russia in Krasnodar region stopped illegal activities of subsoil users on 21 October, on Wednesday, arresting all persons working on the site construction equipment: excavator, bulldozer, and several dump trucks. Up to this point the work in this territory were, with varying degrees of intensity, 2010. And before that it was just covered with natural vegetation, the slope of the Markotkh range.

The plot, in question, is 20 metres from a residential area in the street of cement plant “Proletariat”, and at some point began to be the object of commercial interests of various businesses.

In 2010 there appeared the construction site and the work went on in full swing. According to some information,then the owner of the land on which construction began, was a senior official from Krasnodar, apparently, therefore, the administration of Novorossiysk covers associated with project disturbances.

But the protests of local residents is still forced authorities to revoke the building permit, and construction was frozen. Continue reading

In the Imereti lowland Sochi began excavations of ancient settlements
Archaeological excavations are held in the Imeretinskaya lowland near the Olympic construction sites, and are included in the draft Protection of Imereti lowland. In the course of this year planned…

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St. Petersburg archaeologists went to the excavations of the sunken ancient city
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which…

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