Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.
man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);
Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).
Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).
A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.
Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading
Research project Manager Professor Steve Collins stated that this conclusion was made after serious research, conducted over 10 years at the site at tell El-Hammam.
According to Collins, archaeologists found the ruins of the ancient complex of the Bronze age belong to the large city-state, which was unknown to scientists until the beginning of his / her project.
“An archaeological team discovered a real “gold mine” of ancient monumental structures and artefacts”, quoted by Christian Today.
According to Collins, the comparison found the ruins with the remains of other ancient cities nearby, suggests a maximum matching on a number of criteria known about Sodom from the Bible. .
The land of the five cities
According to the old Testament, in the days of Abraham, Sodom was flourishing and rich city, but because the inhabitants “were wicked and sinners” (Genesis, Chapter 13, verse 13) “then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven, and overthrew these cities, and all okrestnostey, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and [all] grew upon the ground” (Genesis, Chapter 19, verses 24-25).
The Bible tells of the death of not two, but four of the five cities located near the Dead sea in the late XVIII century BC. Five city-States of Sodom, Gomorrah, ADMA, Zeboim and Bela (Zoar) formed a coalition, which was under the rule of the Union of the four kings of Mesopotamia, brutally Nakazawa their vassals for non-payment of tribute. Continue reading
Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.
How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).
The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.
The main tasks of the study of burial grounds
The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading