Copan is called the Athens of the ancient Maya. He was one of the largest cities of this civilization, but in the IX century, began to decline. In 1980, Copan was included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. The total area of the city is 24 square miles, and there are ancient buildings, temples, a stadium for ball games and a majestic staircase. To get to Copan from San Pedro Sula. The entrance of the archeological Park costs $10. If you want to visit is located here is the Museum of Mayan sculpture, to this sum will have to add $5.
This fortress town is located at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level and is surrounded by tropical rainforest. Kuelap was built between 900 and 1100 years B. C. representatives of the ancient peoples of chachapoya, which the Incas called “warriors of the clouds”. The city has preserved many buildings oval forms, among which the most notable is the tower and the fortress. The entrance to Kuelap cost $15. You can get there from the city of Chachapoyas.
This is one of the largest cities of the Mayan civilization. It re-opened in 1937, and since then, the Caracol is the main historical landmark of Belize. The remains of the city are located on the Vaca plateau at an altitude of 500 m above sea level.It survived many stone buildings, including the impressive pyramids. Caracole to get to from San Ignacio. Ticket price is $7.5.
Ciudad Perdida (“lost city”) was accidentally found in the jungles of Columbia in 1972. Presumably it was founded about 800 BC by the representatives of the Tayrona culture. When these lands began to conquer the Spanish conquistadors, the population left the city. Here are preserved cobblestone roads, stairs, round the square and several agricultural terraces. The area also has a staircase of 1200 steps. Ciudad Perdida has long been inaccessible to tourists due to guerrilla wars. Now the tour has resumed. Book a tour in one of the tour offices in the city of Santa Marta. The cost starts from $275 per person and requires good physical preparation — will have a lot of walking in the mountains. Continue reading
For the last couple of centuries, archaeologists around the world have found more than hundreds of thousands of household items and hunting, which tell about life of our ancestors long before the new era. But excavations continue, including in our area.
At the international scientific conference “Modern problems of archeology and history of the early nomads of the Urals” on 16 April and discussed the issues related to the search of valuable antiquities.
At the conference (and she was held in Orenburg Governor’s local lore and history Museum) presentations from leading archaeologists from Moscow, Ufa, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Orenburg region, neighboring Kazakhstan, and related professionals natural Sciences.
In the Orenburg region opened 2 thousand archaeological sites: ancient settlements, hill FORTS, burial mounds. Historians and archaeologists there is no purpose to look for everything, their is already enough. But to preserve such a monument is important, though difficult.
Vice-Governor Pavel Samsonov . opening the conference, recalled that the Orenburg area is considered to be the heart of Eurasia.
— The Orenburg region is a unique region because is located in the center of Eurasia, has been and remains a historical crossroads of civilizations of the past, a crossroads of cultures, Economics. Why so many significant monuments of history.
Pavilasovich meant primarily Kargalinskoe copper mines and Filippovskii mounds, which were the discoveries of the world level, as part of the cultural and historical heritage of all mankind. Findings in these areas indicate that more than 3 thousand years ago there was the development that had global significance. Take the Kargaly — in the bronze age up to 80 per cent of copper the peoples of Eurasia received from here. Continue reading
Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading