civilization

The oldest city of the world

Not every city is fortunate enough to preserve the original appearance. In difficult times of war and conquest many cities were destroyed and then rebuilt, so only a few buildings managed to “survive” until our times. Remains of a magnificent city, which can rightfully wear the proud title of “the oldest city in the world”.

Jericho (Palestine)

The mention of the first settlements on the site of modern Jericho are 9000 BC, After three millennia, the city actively began to rebuild and by the end of the 3rd and 2nd Millennium reached its peak. Several times he has been destroyed, one of which was mentioned in the Bible.

It was a magnificent city, in which houses were built of brick and stone. Archaeologists discovered ruins of an ancient synagogue, Dating back to I century BC, a magnificent winter palaces with baths, swimming pools and ornate halls. Near Jericho the mountain of Karantal, which, according to legend, Jesus was forty days tempted of the devil. Now in that place there is the magnificent rock-hewn monastery of Temptation.

Damascus (Syria)

One of the oldest city is Damascus, the first mention of which appeared in the middle of the 2nd Millennium BC. Due to the fact that in ancient times Damascus was under the rule of the Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Persians and even Alexander the great, this ancient gurudwaras in the culture of these peoples.

He became known for his Damascus steel, which was popular in medieval Europe. Today you can see the ruins of the ancient gates of the fortress protecting the city from invasions, the Catholic Church, temples, mosques, the old houses that represent the most important monuments of Damascus culture and history. Continue reading

Ancient Civilizations and Prophets

According to another legend, which is set out in the Chronicles of the nearby Buddhist monastery, the pyramids began in the era of ancient emperors, whose ancestors came to Earth on “the kites of iron”. Therefore, the oldest of the pyramids is more than 5,000 years. A full-blooded descendants of those ancient aliens from outer space in China is considered to be the stunted folk “Zopa”, living now in China’s Sichuan province. Far from their settlements, in a remote area of the mountain range of Bayan-Kara-Ula are amazing ancient burial sites. In huge multi-tiered buildings are absolutely correct round shape with radiating in all directions stone rays are numerous graves with the remains of the ancestors “Zopa”, the age of the earliest of which nearly 12,000 years! Inside the tombs lie the skeletons of mysterious creatures similar to human, but differs from them a disproportionately large skull is too thin and fragile bones. In some burials the researchers also found metal disks with a diameter of 30 cm and a thickness of 1 cm, on which both parties were located in a spiral engraved with unknown characters and symbols. Just found 715 similar disks, most of them had traces of exposure in the distant past of strong magnetic fields. After decryption, Kotorosl about 25 years, was that the drives contain the history of the destruction of the spaceship of the ancestors “Zopa” that had come from Sirius, as well as the hardships and suffering endured by those who survived after the disaster. Since then, on the orders of the Chinese government the area is declared closed for any unauthorized visits.

True or not, but really ancient China has produced many unique inventions: from the first rocket technology and gunpowder to printing and toilet paper. Two thousand years ago the Chinese already used drilling rigs for salt mining, oil and gas. Their height exceeded 50 m, they used durable bamboo cables and iron drills of different shapes, and the extracted gas was passed at a distance on the pipe system. Then were developed the first tool – a device for measuring the distance traveled by the cart; the basis of their mechanism constituted of a gear reducer, the prototype of the modern manual transmission car. In the II century of our era scientist and inventor Zhang Heng (78-139 ad) invented the first seismograph, which allowed to predict earthquakes, and celestial globe of mechanical and compass (a cart with a mechanism of gears, a pointer Continue reading

The archaeological site of ancient Troy

This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer “Iliad” and “Odyssey”. It is believed that the events described by this author, date back to the Mycenaean era.

The history of Troy

Troy itself is quite unremarkable town, which is also sometimes called Ilion. It is an ancient settlement, with a fairly powerful defensive wall, located in Asia Minor near the Aegean sea. Residents who lived on the territory of this city, was called tikrai. Archaeologists have determined that a great influence on architectural buildings had a Western Anatolian civilization. In those days. This city was called Taruishi. Previously it was thought that such terms “Troy” or “Ilion” could mean a completely different city same ancient state. Well what else can I say… Archaeologists claim that the first stone was laid in 3000 – 2600 BCE And at that time even the city was not considered. This settlement had a round shape, and the size was only in diameter 100 – 150 m. as it was not large, and was guarded only by two towers and perimeter walls. In this old Troy walked through the main gate. Now,archeologists can assume that this settlement burned down.

After this incident this place was erected the town. He was not much more than the previous and had a diameter of about 150 – 170 m. In the heart of this city there was a Palace, surrounded by a large garden. All other space was occupied by warehouses and residential buildings. And it is to this stage of the history of this city include, archaeologists found a treasure, which included weapons and gems. Therefore, this city was rich and over time it began to expand its borders. It lasted a very long time, scientists suggest that this period lasted from 2300-1900 BCE And expanded it with the help of new homes and warehouses. So there are new small streets. Gaining more and more power and territory, Continue reading

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